Mémoire universitaire
A Comparative analysis of the “Livre Vert de la Défense” and the relation between climate change and systemic crisis
BARICHELLA Arnault - (Auteur)
LE GLOANNEC Anne-Marie - Centre de recherches internationales (Directeur de thèse ou mémoire)
Paris : Sciences Po - Institut d'études politiques de Paris
124 p.
Mots clés
Security, Environment, Energy, Defense, Sécurité, Environnement, Energie, Défense
This thesis provides an original comparative analysis of the “Livre Vert de la Défense”, a French policy paper on environmental security published in February 2014. The book represented a response by the French section of the “Europe Ecologie les Verts” (EELV) political movement to the near complete neglect of environmental security issues in the “Livre Blanc de la Défense et la Sécurité Nationale”, made public by former French President François Hollande in April 2013. The aim of the French environmental party was to enhance the standing of environmental security in French and European strategic and military thinking by integrating the concept of a “green defence”. However, the “Livre Vert” attempts as much as possible to take a global approach to the threats and strategies it identifies, so the book has international applicability, especially since climate change represents a global risk. The objective of this thesis is to compare and contrast the “Livre Vert” to other policy papers and analyses from governments, think tanks or academia, in order to highlight both its strengths and weaknesses. This involves answering three main research questions: 1) How comprehensive are the security threats and the corresponding strategies identified by the “Livre Vert de la Défense”? 2) Does the concept of a “green defence” fit into any conventional political categorization, or does it represent a new way of looking at international security? 3) Does the “Livre Vert” offer a framework that is exhaustive enough to successfully address the potential for systemic crisis stemming from future environmental challenges?