The Collateral Channel: How Real Estate Shocks Affect Corporate Investment
American Economic Review
US : American Economic Association
2381 - 2409 p.
http://dx.doi . org/10.1257/aer.102.6.2381
What is the impact of real estate prices on corporate investment? In the presence of financing frictions, firms use pledgeable assets as collateral to finance new projects. Through this collateral channel, shocks to the value of real estate can have a large impact on aggregate investment. To compute the sensitivity of investment to collateral value, we use local variations in real estate prices as shocks to the collateral value of firms that own real estate. Over the 1993-2007 period, the representative US corporation invests $0.06 out of each $1 of collateral.