Working paper
Can Trade Instruments significantly reduce competitiveness pressures on ETS-constrained Industries? The case of China export taxes and VAT rebates and their implications for the EU
Governance and Globalization
WANG Xin - Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (Author)
VOITURIEZ Tancrède - Institut du Développement Durable et des Relations Internationales (Author)
Governance and Globalization
Trade measures designed to offset competitiveness losses and carbon leakages have taken a high profile in European climate policy debates during the two first phases of the EU-ETS. The perspective of a failure of the Copenhagen COP 15 to reach a global deal for the Post 2012 period, jointly with unilateral efforts proclaimed by the EU to reach the 20-20-20 objective unconditionally, have reinforced the momentum over a border adjustment or compensation mechanism throughout the ultimate months of negotiation of the EU Climate and Energy package. Even though the original BTA was discarded while less aggressive forms preferred – such as free quota allocation and, albeit less clearly, offsetting import mechanisms - the final C&E package adopted during the Dec 08 EU Summit was clearly sealed from the perspective of a significant cost premium imposed by the carbon price on a wide spectrum of energy consuming industries (...).