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in Villes en gares Publication date 1999
RABEHARISOA Volona
HENNION Antoine
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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in Contemporary Sociology Publication date 2015-03
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L’économie circulaire vise à inscrire dans une même boucle des activités de conception, de production, d’usage et de recyclage. Elle tend par conséquent à donner une place renouvelée aux consommateurs, qui ne sont plus relégués en bout de chaîne, mais intégrés au cœur même des activités économiques. Quelles peuvent être, aujourd’hui, les attentes des consommateurs vis-à-vis de l’économie circulaire ? S’il paraît encore difficile de spécifier les aspirations de la société dans ce domaine, on peut toutefois envisager la contribution des formes alternatives de consommation au renouvellement des rôles des consommateurs dans les systèmes économiques. Dans cet article, nous traiterons tout d’abord des nouvelles formes contemporaines de consommation, puis nous mettrons au jour deux traits majeurs des aspirations des consommateurs qu’elles traduisent, à savoir des attentes fortes en matière de garantie des systèmes de production et des formes d’engagement plus collectives dans la gouvernance des systèmes économiques.

in Sociologie du Travail Publication date 1998-10
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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L'analyse des fondements des différences entre les entreprises est au cœur des théories économiques de la firme. La science économique ne peut plus se satisfaire d'approches qui lissent ces différences, elle doit chercher à rendre compte des spécificités des firmes. Bien qu'elle n'ait pas encore la prétention d’avoir bâti une théorie de la firme complète, l'approche évolutionniste apporte une réponse originale sur cette question. [premières lignes]

in Sociologie du Travail Publication date 2003
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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L’article s’intéresse aux solutions opposées par un collectif de mytiliculteurs, à l’homogénéisation de leurs produits par la normalisation. En identifiant ces produits et les manières de les produire, ils forcent le marché à traiter avec une pluralité de qualités. Ces moyens permettent de résoudre le risque de désajustement entre des attentes de consommateurs et des qualités de produits alimentaires mis en marché, en associant des acteurs pluriels autour d’intérêts qui ne sont pas toujours stabilisés. Cette très forte indétermination, pesant sur toutes les composantes du jeu marchand, impose de mieux comprendre les formes d’association entre des acteurs et des dispositifs qui se jouent à travers la recomposition du marché autour de nouvelles formes d’ajustement.

in Le communicationnel pour concevoir Publication date 1995
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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in Revue internationale de systémique Publication date 1998
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
2
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in Performances humaines et techniques Publication date 1999-04
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
4
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in Etudes et recherches sur les systèmes agraires et le développement Publication date 2001
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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L'article étudie la contribution de la mise en place d'une filière locale de qualité pour la viande de porc à la construction d'un ajustement entre les producteurs et les consommateurs. A partir de l'examen du cas d'une filière de viande de porc pilotée par des entreprises et groupements locaux en Bretagne, il s'agit de comprendre comment de nouvelles formes organisationnelles permettent de redéfinir les engagements de différents acteurs autour de la définition des produits et des marchés. Dans la construction de l'ajustement de l'offre et de la demande entre les différents acteurs, le territoire est mobilisé comme une ressource pour la mise en place des dispositifs de coordination entre ces acteurs. Enfin, ces nouvelles formes d'interdépendances entre les acteurs produisent ce que nous avons appelé une « solidarité technique» dans la mesure où le partage des contributions et des savoirs des différents acteurs redistribue les responsabilités tout au long de la filière.

in Technologies, idéologies, pratiques Publication date 2000
DUBUISSON-QUELLIER Sophie
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This article proposes a comparative account of the progress of the managerial revolution in France and Norway over the post-World War Two period. This account is set and framed within theoretical discussions on and around ‘Americanization’. We argue that in both the French and Norwegian cases the managerial revolution has been closely tied to a process of Americanization that has had an impact on economic institutions, organizations and philosophy. The process of Americanization has to be contextualized for each of those two countries. The nature of the process has also evolved considerably over time – from 1945 to today. Hence, we propose that the progress of the managerial revolution in France and Norway could be looked at as a non-linear process, albeit with a deep structural logic.

Publication date 2019-01
FLEURBAEY Marc
BOUIN Olivier
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Déréglementation, crise économique, tensions sociales, déstabilisation démocratique, guerre : la période 1980-2030 va-t-elle rejouer le drame de 1890-1940, avec en outre la forte probabilité d’être suivie de cataclysmes environnementaux balayant tout sur leur passage dans la seconde moitié du siècle ? La situation paraît chaque jour plus alarmante et il est intolérable de constater l’écart entre les possibilités considérables, inégalées dans le passé, dont jouissent la plupart des sociétés du monde entier, et la piètre performance des institutions et des gouvernements. Les échecs institutionnels et les problèmes de gouvernance sont partout, dans le secteur privé comme dans le secteur public. Or nous pouvons faire beaucoup mieux, nous pouvons construire une société meilleure. S’appuyant sur le travail d’un panel mondial de chercheurs en sciences sociales, ce manifeste propose une vision fondée sur une nouvelle manière de penser et de réformer nos principaux piliers institutionnels : marchés, entreprises, politiques de protection sociale et mécanismes de délibération démocratique. Il délivre un message d’espoir et un appel à l’action, à un moment où de nouvelles menaces pèsent sur l’avenir et où les idéologies du siècle passé ont été discréditées. Ni la perte des illusions ni l’essor du capitalisme ne devraient justifier la fin de la quête de justice sociale. (Résumé éditeur)

Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure Publication date 1998-01
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The author explores the convergent and divergent trends in the evolution of business systems and organization in Western Europe in the post-war period. She examines in particular the influence of a large-scale, cross-national transfer of the American corporate model, including the Marshall Plan and the involvement of American business in European reconstruction. She focuses on France, West Germany, and Italy, looking in turn at the physical, ownership, organizational, and governance structure of each after 1945. Her core argument is that the model had varying degrees of success in each of those three countries and, in some areas, encountered significant resistance. The book underscores the socially constructed and historically contingent nature of structural arrangements shaping conditions of industrial production in capitalist countries today. National systems of industrial production are not given and necessary; they are made and shaped through time by actors with particular interests, often in direct confrontation with other groups. This shaping is taking place within particular institutional contexts, in peculiar political and geopolitical conditions. Foreign actors, in geopolitical power positions, can, it is argued, play a particularly significant role in such processes.

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Luxury goods are selling well and the growth of the industry has barely been slowed down by the Asian crisis (Les Echos, 04-30-1998, 09-25-1998; Le Figaro, 04-06-1998; Financial Times, 04-24-1999). As in many other growth markets, though, good results are coming together with a fair amount of turmoil. Many changes are redefining environmental conditions and new challenges are creating significant turbulence for players in the industry at a global level (Ecole de Paris, 1998; Woman’s Wear Daily, 02-10-1998; Libération, 03-06/07-1999). Our question in this paper is whether, in the face of such global trends, luxury goods companies have reacted and attempted to adapt. We are interested by changes and evolutions with an impact on organizational structures but also by the potential redefinition of managerial roles and competencies.

in The Oxford Handbook of Governance Publication date 2012
SAHLIN-ANDERSSON Kerstin
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Taking transnational regulatory governance seriously, we treat it in this chapter as a dependent variable. Processes of emergence and stabilization are of particular interest. We emphasize the complex, step-by-step, sometimes bumpy and highly historical dimension of these processes. Regulatory change, as it characterizes our contemporary transnational world is generally associated with struggles, conflicts, resistance, negotiations and painful integration. It is often incremental and nevertheless potentially highly consequential, with a strong transformative impact. We propose that a contemporary frontier for social scientific research is to extend and reinvent our analytical tools in order to approach regulatory governance as a complex and fluid compound of activities bridging the global and the local and taking place at the same time within, between and across national boundaries. In order to characterize the dynamics of transnational regulatory governance, we revisit some key conceptual debates. A combination of perspectives allows us to better capture the multiple levels and dimensions of transnational regulatory governance in the making. We conclude the chapter with a brief discussion of the more recent challenges to transnational governance, particularly in a post-crisis world.

Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure, SAHLIN-ANDERSSON Kerstin Publication date 2009-03
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Globalization involves a profound re-ordering of our world with the proliferation everywhere of rules and transnational modes of governance. This book examines how this governance is formed, changes and stabilizes. Building on a rich and varied set of empirical cases, it explores transnational rules and regulations and the organizing, discursive and monitoring activities that frame, sustain and reproduce them. Beginning from an understanding of the powerful structuring forces that embed and form the context of transnational regulatory activities, the book scrutinizes the actors involved, how they are organized, how they interact and how they transform themselves to adapt to this new regulatory landscape. A powerful analysis of the modes and logics of transnational rule-making and rule-monitoring closes the book. This authoritative resource offers ideal reading for all academic researchers and graduate students of governance and regulation. [Jacket]

in Accounting, Organizations, and Institutions Publication date 2009-08
SAHLIN-ANDERSSON Kerstin
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The transnationalization of our world, sometimes hastily labelled 'globalization', is not only - and far from it - about flows of goods, capital, or people. Nor is transnationalization simply a discourse even though it does have important discursive dimensions. Together with others, we suggest that our transnationalizing world is also defined by powerful dynamics of reordering. Some contributions point to the emergence of an 'audit society' where accounting and conrol become powerful social and institutional practices with an increasingly transnational scope (Hopwood and Miller 1994; Power 1997). [First lines]

in Transnational Governance Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure Publication date 2006-01
SAHLIN-ANDERSSON Kerstin
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The chapters in this volume point to a profound re-definition of structuring frames for action and of normative and cognitive reference sets. All chapters, individually and as a whole, document in other words significant institutional transformation. The transnationalization of our world, sometimes hastily labeled “globalization”, is not only – and far from it – about flows of goods, capital or people. Nor is transnationalization simply a discourse even though it does have important discursive dimensions. Our transnationalizing world is a re-ordering world, a world where institutional rules of the game are in serious transition. Furthermore, the chapters in this volume clearly suggest – and many mundane contemporary experiences confirm it – that the impact of re-ordering processes is significant and consequential for our everyday lives. [First paragraph]

in Transnational governance Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure, SAHLIN-ANDERSSON Kerstin Publication date 2006-01
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On an experiential basis, many of us feel the impact of a “transnationalizing” world. French workers strike to prevent the de-localization of their jobs to Slovenia or China and most clothing in American stores is produced outside the United States. A German university professor is increasingly expected to belong to a transnational peer community and to adapt to career development standards greatly at odds with German academic traditions. What a European consumer gets when she buys chocolate in her local store has been defined and standardized by the European Commission. Companies around the world are going through multiple certification processes and are bound to various categories of standards – efficiency, quality, ethical or environmental ones. The list could be longer and all chapters in this volume provide further evidence of the impact of transnationalization in our daily lives. As those examples suggest, a transnational world is not about the disappearance of rules and order. Rather, what appears striking about our times is the increasing scope and breadth of regulatory and governance activities of all kinds. The present world has been described as a “golden era of regulation” (Levi-Faur and Jordana 2005). The proliferation of regulatory activities, actors, networks or constellations leads to an explosion of rules and to the profound re-ordering of our world. Organizing and monitoring activities connect with regulation and represent other important dimensions of contemporary governance. New organizations, alliances and networks emerge everywhere.

Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure, QUACK Sigrid Publication date 2010-06
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Transnational communities are social groups that emerge from mutual interaction across national boundaries, oriented around a common project or 'imagined' identity. This common project or identity is constructed and sustained through the active engagement and involvement of at least some of its members. Such communities can overlap in different ways with formal organizations but, in principle, they do not need formal organization to be sustained. This book explores the role of transnational communities in relation to the governance of business and economic activity. It does so by focusing on a wide range of empirical terrains, including discussions of the Laleli market in Istanbul, the institutionalization of private equity in Japan, the transnational movement for open content licenses, and the mobilization around environmental certification. These studies show that transnational communities can align the cognitive and normative orientations of their members over time and thereby influence emergent transnational governance arrangements.

in Globalization and Institutions Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure Publication date 2003-02
QUACK Sigrid
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Globalization is a word that suffers from overuse. Still, behind the overstretched concept lies the reality of an economic world that is not fully contained nor constrained by national boundaries. Economic organization and coordination increasingly reach across national borders and the impact is being felt both within the transnational sphere and, through rebound and indirect impact, at the national level as well. We started this book by acknowledging the need to take into account this transnational reality and its potentially quite significant impact. We now want to point, however, to its full complexity. [First paragraph]

in Theory and Society Publication date 2007-04
QUACK Sigrid
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Studies on societal path dependencies tend to focus on mechanisms that Anchor and stabilize national trajectories while paying less attention to transnational interactions and multilevel governance. This paper explores processes of path transformation in societies that are presumed to have the characteristics of open systems. Two pairs of casestudies are presented and compared. The first illustrates institutional change through collision, when a national path meets with another. The second describes the emergence of transnational institutional paths and the impact of that process on national institutions and their (potential) transformation. The results indicate that path transformation often stems from a gradual succession and combination of incremental steps and junctures – change is gradual but consequential. They also point to increasing co‐evolutionary interaction between national path transformation and transnational path creation. This implies a need for analytical tools that are adapted to the analysis of multi‐level, nested processes of institutionalization and de‐institutionalization. The paper suggests that the concept of path generation allows for a better specification of the conditions for change in existing societal paths and for the emergence of new paths in the case of open systems than the concept of path dependency.

in Annual Review of Sociology Publication date 2018-07
QUACK Sigrid
10
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In the twenty-first century, global business regulation has come of age. In this article, we review the literature on globalization and business regulation from the angle of transnational governance, a recently evolving interdisciplinary field of research. Despite the multiplicity and plurality of regulatory platforms and products that have emerged over time, we identify common patterns of field structuration and parallel trajectories. We argue that a major trend, both in practice and in scholarly work, is a move away from an idealized convergence around a set of unified global rules; instead, our conceptualizations and our practices of transnational business regulation increasingly demonstrate a concern for the adaptability of transnational rules to resilient and resistant contextual specificities. Another important trend, both in practice and in scholarly fields, is a growing focus on the complex dynamics between rule making on the one hand and rule implementation and monitoring on the other.

in Transnational Communities Sous la direction de DJELIC Marie-Laure Publication date 2012-06
QUACK Sigrid
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The collective endeavor that has culminated in the production of this volume has allowed us to explore an interesting diversity of empirical settings in which transnational communities could be identified and seemed to play a role. In this concluding chapter, we take stock of what we can learn from a systematic comparison of transnational communities and of their role in those very different settings. Through such a comparison, we get a clear picture of the peculiar nature of communities with a transnational scale and scope. In the fi rst section of the conclusion, we outline some key findings in that regard. In the second section, we then reflect more particularly on the impact that transnational communities have on the governance of business and economic activity.

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One now plays a part in one’s own protection. The institutions can help one to strengthen one’s preparedness. One must not blame them if they fail despite the promise of a maximum-security programme.

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Avant de discuter des jeux politiques entre les divers acteurs que sont la Commission Européenne, les Etats de l'Union, les Etats membres de l'espace Schengen et les individus dans la relation entre eux qui se manifeste par l' obtention d'un visa dit Schengen, et dit uniforme, il est nécessaire de revenir sur l'économie des luttes entre les acteurs depuis 1985, afin d' éviter le récit habituel et ritualisé sur la soi-disant suppression des contrôles aux frontières intérieures, leur renforcement aux frontières extérieures et la création d'une identité européenne diverse mais homogène au sein d'un espace territorial bien défini. Un bilan historique et juridique un tant soit peu critique montre en effet les limites évidentes d' un tel discours (...).

in openDemocracy Publication date 2015-04-01
CARRERA Sergio
HERNANZ Nicholas
SCHERRER Amandine
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EU scrutiny in the field of the use of closed materials in UK courts is of paramount importance for the future of democratic systems of justice, even if it polarises once more the positions for or against Brexit.

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