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  • LE GALÈS Patrick (17)
  • SARTI Francesco (12)
  • POLLARD Julie (10)
  • LASCOUMES Pierre (9)
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in The Political Formulation of Policy Solutions: Arguments, Arenas, and Coalitions. Sous la direction de ZITTOUN Philippe, FISCHER Frank, ZAHARIADIS Nikolaos Publié en 2021-07
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This chapter analyzes the emergence, the construction and the trajectory of road space reallocation as a policy solution to urban mobility challenges in different political contexts. Focusing on the notion of policy solution ownership (Gusfield, 1981) and drawing on extensive empirical work on sustainable urban mobility transitions in European cities, it contributes to the book’s main argument in three ways. First it examines how and by whom policy solution ownership is built and how it contributes to redefining the boundaries of a given problem in a highly competitive policy environment. Second, and following the work by Callon (1986) on problematization and interessement to account for improbable alliances in a highly fragmented policy context, it contributes to the understanding of how policy solution ownership opens new opportunities for urban elites to challenge existing urban governance arrangements and promote their own political agenda. Three, it discusses the role of framing in shaping the subsequent trajectory of this policy solution (Rochefort, Cobb, 1994) across different urban governance contexts. It argues that policy solution ownership was established through the continued efforts made by a coalition of policy entrepreneurs to transform a policy solution fitted for all seasons into an easily transferable set of standardized tools and techniques while at the same time shifting the attention away from car use reduction towards ensuring fair and equal access to the urban road network.

in Cogito, Le magazine de la recherche Publié en 2021-06-29
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Interview with Charlotte Halpern -1st l ines :A New Research Area Interest in the results of public policies is growing among public institutions and civil society, while the environmental crisis is gaining importance on every level. Sciences Po has therefore expanded the scope of its Laboratory for interdisciplinary evaluation of public policies (LIEPP), in collaboration with Université de Paris, to include environmental issues. Presentation by Charlotte Halpern, head of this new programme. You recently took charge of LIEPP’s new research area, ‘environmental policies’. Why is it important to evaluate environmental policies? Charlotte Halpern: Environmental transformations and the climate emergency justify the introduction of a series of reforms and measures to accelerate the transition of modern societies and economies towards carbon neutrality by 2050. These measures also aim to reduce social/environmental inequalities and to ensure sustainable transformation of territorial development strategies. This new generation of public policies adds another layer to the decades of promises concerning environmental protection, sustainable development, green growth and energy transition. The climate agenda is attracting unprecedented attention as well as strong opposition from European citizens, who express their opinions in the streets, via social media and the ballot boxes. This research area analyses the efforts made by public policies in the field of the environment, in the widest possible sense, including sustainable development, climate change, green growth and its more recent additions, energy and ecological transitions, to explain the transition dynamics at play and to enlighten the decisions of stakeholders and decision makers. What role is played by public policies and stakeholders in driving and coordinating these transitions? What resources are implemented to put these transversal objectives into operation? How, using which levers, at what pace and to what extent will these schemes transform our current systems? What sectoral and territorial variations can be seen? What results have been observed? Which social groups, territories and economic sectors benefit most? What effects do they have on political systems and their varying capacities to integrate climate issues?

in Sociologia política da ação pública : teorias, abordagens e conceitos Sous la direction de PORTO DE OLIVEIRA Osmany, HASSENTEUFEL Patrick Publié en 2021-05
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Ce chapitre consacré aux instruments d'action publique s'inscrit dans un ouvrage est le résultat d'une série de discussions entre les auteurs et un groupe de chercheurs brésiliens et français, initiées après avoir constaté l'absence d'un texte de référence au Brésil sur la réflexion et l'utilisation des approches de la sociologie de l'action publique. L'objectif de cet ouvrage est de présenter les perspectives françaises d'analyse des politiques publiques aux personnes intéressées par le sujet. Il s'agit d'un livre qui aspire à servir des publics variés, tels que les universitaires, les chercheurs, les organisations gouvernementales et non gouvernementales, le secteur privé, les journalistes, les étudiants ou les citoyens intéressés par le sujet.

in Revue Projet Publié en 2021-03-01
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Article publié dans le dossier "Ce que l'écologie fait à la politique".

This city portrait contributes to the understanding of urban sustainable mobility transitions in Lucca (2007-2020) from a government and public policy perspective. Together with its Summary of findings, it provides an assessment of current governance arrangements and policy capacities in terms of sustainable transport (pathways) and cross-sector linkages (Links). Its content draws on the data collected between September 2019 and June 2020 through desk research, surveys, interviews and workshops held during project meetings. Findings are presented in a somewhat descriptive way in order to provide a solid foundation for future research as part of the SUMP PLUS project.

The report examines governmental capacity building to support the development and effective implementation of a sustainable mobility transition agenda across the 6 Sump Plus cities. More precisely, it seeks to understand when, why and how sustainable urban planning emerged as an urban public policy issue, what priorities are set and by whom. The main assumption is that policy capacities and their instrumental uses across levels and over time play a critical role in city governments’ ability to overcome these barriers and intensify the pace and scope of sustainable transitions. Drawing on public policy research, urban studies and comparative politics, the report builds on previous work done on historical transport policy developments and policy capacities to support urban sustainable mobility transitions in a multi-level governance context . It introduces the analytical framework used in order to analyze governmental capacity building across the 6 Sump Plus cities. Beyond the classic approach to governance, it proposes a broader conception of the term to include the whole set of vertical and horizontal relationships in sustainable urban transitions, as well as the different types of policy capacities needed to govern sustainable urban mobility transitions at different policy stages.

This city portrait contributes to the understanding of urban sustainable mobility transitions in Platanias from a government and public policy perspective. Together with its Summary of findings, it provides an assessment of current governance arrangements and policy capacities in terms of sustainable transport (pathways) and cross-sector linkages (Links). Its content draws on the data collected between September 2019 and June 2020 through desk research, surveys, interviews and workshops held during project meetings. Findings are presented in a somewhat descriptive way in order to provide a solid foundation for future research as part of the SUMP PLUS project.

in MORE Publié en 2020-11-05
SARTI Francesco
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First lines: In the context of the COVID 19 crisis, the city-as-place approach gained new momentum as part of efforts to ensure safe distancing, accommodate demands for public space and reimagine the post-pandemic city.

in Gouverner la métropole parisienne. Etat, institutions, réseaux Sous la direction de LE GALÈS Patrick Publié en 2020-11
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A partir d’une question métropolitaine des plus classiques, les transports publics, ce chapitre porte sur le conflit et la coopération/négociation entre le Conseil Régional d’Ile de France et le gouvernement, suite à l’élection de Nicolas Sarkozy comme président de la République en 2007 et sa mobilisation sur la question du Grand Paris. Les mécanismes de résolution du conflit sur le Grand Paris Express et les ajustements progressifs ont contribué à l’organisation de la gouvernance de la métropole/région parisienne. Le cas des transports dans la région parisienne permet de mettre en évidence un cas original de gouvernance régionale en devenir. Il s’agit d’un cas d'initiatives politiques conflictuelles, de concurrence politique et de mécanismes de résolution des conflits dans un contexte de décentralisation, de métropolisation et de concurrence urbaine à long terme. Ceci conduit à des ajustements progressifs et à des résultats impressionnants en termes de mise en œuvre de politiques et d’investissement de transports urbains/régionaux.

This city portrait contributes to the understanding of urban sustainable mobility transitions in Klaipeda City since the late 2000s, from a government and public policy perspective. Together with its Summary of findings, it provides an assessment of current governance arrangements and policy capacities in terms of sustainable transport (pathways) and cross-sector linkages (Links). Its content draws on the data collected between September 2019 and June 2020 through desk research, surveys, interviews and workshops held during project meetings. Findings are presented in a somewhat descriptive way in order to provide a solid foundation for future research as part of the SUMP PLUS project.

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