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  • JACOMY Mathieu (15)
  • BANEYX Audrey (5)
  • JENSEN Pablo (4)
  • GIRARD Paul (4)
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  • Article (17)
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  • Communication dans des actes de colloque publiés (4)
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The aim of the project MEDEA is to use digital mapping tools to try and trace the provenance and pivot points in these debates within different institutional settings. We look principally at the construction of scientific expertise in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the evolution of adaptation as an issue within the international negotiations of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). We also have a separate case study that follows regional deliberations on climate impacts and water management in the southwest of France. This website presents the results from the first two investigations of this ANR funded project, which was was made possible by a joint collaboration between social and data scientists (Sciences Po, médialab), climate scientists (Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et l'Environnement) and designers (Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs). Experimental in its combination of disciplines and digital data methods, our mapping activities attempt to make legible to a non-expert public the institutional and topical transformations within the leading scientific and political arenas of the climate debate.

In the last few years, a spirit has been haunting our academic and popular culture — the spirit of networks. Throughout social as well as natural sciences, more and more phenomena have come to be conceived as networks. Telecommunication networks, neural networks, social networks, epigenetic networks, ecological and economic networks , the very fabric of our existence seems to be made of lines and dots. More recently, the interest for graphs overflowed from science to popular culture and images of networks started to appear everywhere. They decorate buildings and objects; they are printed on t-shirts and furniture; they colonize the desktop of our computers and the walls of our airports. Networks have become the emblem of modernity, a way to show and tell our world’s complexity. Our growing fascination for networks is not unjustified. Networks are powerful conceptual tools, encapsulating in a single object multiple affordances for computation (networks as graphs), visualization (networks as maps) and manipulation of data (networks as interfaces).

Cet article reprend une recherche de Luc Boltanski sur les enseignants de l’IEP de Paris. Dans cette recherche, Boltanski s’appuie sur une représentation tabulaire des champs sociaux pour montrer que la classe dominante se caractérise avant tout par sa multipositionnalité, c’est-à-dire par la tendance de ses membres à occuper plusieurs positions dans plusieurs champs. En remplaçant le tableau de Boltanski par un graphe d’individus et d’institutions, nous discuterons les caractéristiques et les avantages d’une sociologie de réseaux hétérogènes.

in International Collaborative Dictionary of Communications Publié en 2010-01
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in Proceedings of The International Symposium on Open Collaboration (OpenSym '14) Publié en 2018-08
BORRA Erik
CIUCCARELLI Paolo
WELTEVREDE Esther
KALTENBRUNNER Andreas
LANIADO David
MAGNI Giovanni
MAURI Michele
ROGERS Richard
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Collaborative content creation inevitably reaches situations where different points of view lead to conflict. In Wikipedia, one of the most prominent examples of collaboration online, conflict is mediated by both policy and software, and conflicts often reflect larger societal debates. Contropedia is a platform for the analysis and visualization of such controversies in Wikipedia. Controversy metrics are extracted from activity streams generated by edits to, and discussions about, individual articles and groups of related articles. An article’s revision history and its corresponding discussion pages constitute two parallel streams of user interactions that, taken together, fully describe the process of the collaborative creation of an article. Our proposed platform, Contropedia, builds on state of the art techniques and extends current metrics for the analysis of both edit and discussion activity and visualizes these both as a layer on top of Wikipedia articles as well as a dashboard view presenting additional analytics. Furthermore, the combination of these two approaches allows for a deeper understanding of the substance, composition, actor alignment, trajectory and liveliness of controversies on Wikipedia. Our research aims to provide a better understanding of sociotechnical phenomena that take place on the web and to equip citizens with tools to fully deploy the complexity of controversies. Contropedia is useful for the general public as well as user groups with specific interests such as scientists, students, data journalists, decision makers and media communicators.

Si les dégradations de l’environnement apparaissent aujourd’hui comme un facteur majeur de migrations, le débat concernant la définition du lien entre environnement et migration reste profondément ouvert. Un très grand nombre de termes occupent aujourd’hui l’espace public pour désigner ceux qui doivent se déplacer à cause de dégradations de leur environnement, générant ainsi une controverse sur l’usage des différents termes. Cet article essaie d’éclaircir cette controverse en étudiant les usages de ces termes dans le débat public sur Internet. Pour ce faire, nous avons employé une nouvelle méthode numérique qui nous a permis, à travers l’interrogation du moteur de recherche Google.com, de collecter les pages web où la discussion autour des différentes définitions de ces migrations était la plus visible. Grâce à une analyse des expressions contenues dans ces pages, nous avons obtenu des cartes sémantiques qui ont nous permis de voir quels termes étaient associés les uns aux autres : en particulier, à quels acteurs, lieux ou concepts les différents termes étaient les plus connectés. Ces cartes révèlent la réalité polymorphe de ces migrations, mais aussi le vide catégoriel qui les entoure.

in L'ère post-média. Humanités digitales et cultures numériques Sous la direction de FOURMENTRAUX Jean-Paul Publié en 2012
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Depuis quelques années, les sciences sociales se retrouvent dans une situation tout à fait nouvelle. Relativement jeunes et encore précairement établies, ces sciences étaient loin de se doter des énormes machines à données des sciences naturelles. Contrairement aux physiciens jonglant avec des milliards de particules dans leurs accélérateurs ou aux biologistes cultivant des millions de microbes sous leurs microscopes, les sociologues ne pouvaient suivre que quelques centaines d’êtres humains et étaient condamnés à deviner la forme des phénomènes collectifs par ces aperçus partiels (...).

in Sociológica Publié en 2012
GUIDO Daniele
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ANTA or Actor-‐Network Analyzer is a simple piece of software developed at Sciences Po médialab to offer social researchers a simple text-‐analysis tool attuned with the theoretical tenets of actor-‐network theory. Striving to make actor-‐network theory compatible with modern text-‐analysis, we have learned much about both. In this paper we’ll discuss our adventure in ANT and text-‐analysis while describing the basic functions of ANTA and providing examples of its usage.

in Public understanding of science Publié en 2010-05
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The cartography of controversies is a set of techniques to explore and visualize issues. It was developed by Bruno Latour as a didactic version of Actor-Network Theory to train college students in the investigation of contemporary socio-technical debate. The scope and interest of such cartography, however, exceed its didactic origin. Adopted and developed in several universities in Europe and the US, the cartography of controversies is today a full research method, though, unfortunately, not a much documented one. To fill this lack of documentation, we draw on our experience as Latour’s teaching assistant, to introduce some of the main techniques of the social cartographer toolkit. In particular, in these pages we will focus on exploration, leaving the discussion of visualization tools to a further paper.

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