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  • OOGHE Benjamin (12)
  • JACOMY Mathieu (12)
  • PLIQUE Guillaume (10)
  • GUIDO Daniele (7)
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  • Conference contribution (24)
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Experiments in Art and Technology (E.A.T.) is an organi- zation co-founded in 1966 by artists Robert Rauschenberg and Robert Whitman, and engineers Billy Klüver and Fred Waldhauer, in order to support collaboration between artists and engineers. The E.A.T. datascape is a digital instrument for analyzing the digitized traces left by its members via many available resources. Its aim is to study as closely as possible the complexity of collaborative interdisciplinary works. The E.A.T. datascape methodology makes it possible, by means of an anthropological action-centred approach, to go beyond the distinction between art history and art sociology and to renew the social history of art by challeng- ing the notion of authorship and by describing the work as constituted by the intersection between heterogeneous trajectories, rather than an object within a context that would influence it, or constitute its environment. In other words, it allows us to reflect on what digital design does, in turn, to the social history of art, and to put forward hypotheses about what a digital social history of art might be or could offer to the study of complex, interdisciplinary projects that are multiplying in the contemporary art world.

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France started to compile statistics about its trade in 1716. The "Bureau de la Balance du Commerce" (Balance of Trade's Office) centralized local reports of imports/exports by commodities produced by french tax regions. Many statistical manuscript volumes produced by this process have been preserved in French archives. This communication will relate how and why we used network technologies to create a research instrument based on the transcriptions of those archives in the TOFLIT18 research project. Our corpus composed of more than 500k yearly trade transactions of one commodity between a French local tax region or a foreign country between 1718 and 1838. We used a graph database to modelize it as a trade network where trade flows are edges between trade partners. We will explain why we had to design a classification system to reduce the heterogeneity of the commodity names and how such a system introduce the need for hyperedges. Our research instruments aiming at providing exploratory data analysis means to researchers, we will present the web application we've built on top of the neo4j database using JavaScript technologies (Decypher, Express, React, Baobab, SigmaJS). We will finally show how graph model was not only a convenient way to store and query our data but also a poweful visual object to explore trade geographical structures and trade products' specialization patterns. Project funded by the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche (TOFLIT18)

Publication date 2018-10 Conferance name Department of economic history research seminar, Lunds universitet
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Publication date 2018-10 Conferance name DHNord
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The rising use of digital methods into Humanities research had such an impact that the term Digital Humanities were coined. More than just a term, maybe a new discipline, DH designates for sure an academic community which renews his humanities research practices through digital means. There is a large heterogeneity among those practices among which we observe many research design innovations (in terms of methods, tools, research fields). I propose through this talk to describe Digital Humanities context as a collaboration set-up which can be modeled as a complex system. I will elaborate on this idea by referring to a study I conducted during my studies à l'Université Technologie de Compiègne under the direction of Prof. Gilles Le Cardinal. This one year research introduction actually crafted my professional career path. I will use the Sciences Po médialab context to illustrate how Digital Humanities context could gain to be thought as a highly collaborative process where humanists, information technology engineers and designers can innovate together by sharing their respective motivations, skills and constraints.

Publication date 2018-10 Conferance name WS.2 2018 International conference on Web Studies, Paris, France — October 03 - 05, 2018
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The emergence and success of web platforms raised a gimmick into social studies: “Hyperlink is dead!“. Capturing web users into mobile applications and private web platforms to propose them a specific user experience (and a business model) created indeed new silos in the open World Wide Web space. The simplified availability of user behavioural data through these platforms APIs reinforced this idea in academic communities by providing scholars with a rich and easy way to collect user centric data for their research. After discussing the methodological and ethical aspects of the web divide between platforms and classical websites, we will argue in this communication that hyperlinks, although more complex to collect, manipulate and apprehend, remain an invaluable matter to use the web as a research field. We will illustrate it using Hyphe, a dedicated web corpus creation tool we developed to mine hypertexts.

Publication date 2018-09 Conferance name Datarama #3 : data storytelling
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Publication date 2018-08 Conferance name World Economy History Congress
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The RICardo website (http://ricardo.medialab.sciences-po.fr) provides interactive data visualizations to explore 19th century World International Trade. This exploratory data analysis tool aims at letting scholars discover the richness but complexity of this dataset by providing : 1- a documentation under the form of an interactive data visualization tool which reveals the heterogeneity of the dataset that compiles archives from different sources through a century; 2- a progressive exploration path from the more aggregated to the most precise view: world total trade, specific country bilateral trade, pair of trade partners mirror flows discrepancies; 3- a custom graphic semiology which emphasizes the data uncertainty of the dataset. RICardo is meant for studying and discovering the history of trade and trade globalization at three level of details and with the possibility to focus on some specific country or areas by only using a web browser.

Publication date 2018-08 Conferance name World Economic History Congress
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To study the transformations of the French economy in the long eighteenth century, we created both a dataset and an interactive data visualisation tool. To transform the transcriptions of 18th century French trade archives into a research tool we built a Information System which comprises a data versioning system, a graph database and a web application which allow researchers to widen their understanding of 18th century French international trade through both quantitative and qualitative analysis (http://toflit18.medialab.sciences-po.fr/). We will present the main concepts and visualization means of the TOFLIT18 datascape which can then be mobilized in a hands-on session. Participants will explore the large TOFLIT18 database of French trade flows between 1714 and 1821 by product and partners to gain new insights on issues such as the economic life and representations of eighteenth-century French consumers, producers and administrators and how they were transformed throughout the century.

Publication date 2018-08 Conferance name World Economic History Congress
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RICardo (Research on International Commerce) is a project dedicated to trade between nations over a period spanning the beginning of the Industrial Revolution to the eve of the Second World War. It combines a historical trade database covering the bilateral trade of all countries of the world and a website which invites to an exploration of the history of international trade through data visualizations. RICardo opens the way for new research, especially on the history and geography of trade. By relying as much as possible on primary trade statistics publications, the RICardo database reflects the complexity of both historical trade statistics and the historical world trade network. Combining economic history with digital technology, RICardo can help produce a new vision and understanding of the process of trade globalization over the nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries.

Publication date 2018-07 Conferance name World Economy History Congress
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The French «Bureau de la Balance du Commerce» 18th century data include more than 51,000 different merchandises mentioned in the 18th century sources (for 420,000 trade flows). Correcting for mistakes made by the original scribes and the person in charge of the transcription brings that number down to 24,500. Further identifying synonyms brings it down to 18,000. It is however necessary to devise some sort of aggregation process to be able to use the data collected to answer a wider set of economic history issues. This paper presents the technical solutions we found and their application to the question of the effect of the loss of Canada, the futility of mercantilist wars, medical drug trade, grain trade and the effect of the Franco-British Eden trade treaty.

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