Coauthor
  • LYNCH Marc (2)
  • ROY Olivier (2)
  • ANNICHINO Pasquale (1)
  • BEHR Valentin (1)
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Document Type
  • Article (16)
  • Part or chapter of a book (9)
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in Observatoire international du fait religieux (bulletin n°24 - décembre 2018) Publication date 2019-01
BEHR Valentin
SCHIEDER Rolf
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Les rapports qu’entretiennent les acteurs religieux (Eglises, fidèles) avec les populistes sont loin d’être systématiquement cordiaux. Au contraire certaines mobilisations antipopulistes sont menées par des acteurs religieux ou au nom de la religion, ce qui est traité avec les cas américain, polonais et allemand.

Le discours des néoconservateurs américains sur l’adhésion de la Turquie à l’Union européenne manifeste une certaine ambivalence. Les néoconservateurs défendent l’idée d’adhésion avant tout pour des raisons stratégiques telles que le maintien de la stabilité au Moyen Orient. Cependant ils craignent également qu’une Turquie européenne ne devienne anti-américaine, notamment sous l’influence de la « Vieille Europe ». Ainsi le choix des néoconservateurs en faveur de l’adhésion turque n’exclut-il pas les débats et les désaccords. Le point de vue politique des néoconservateurs ne relève pas uniquement de considérations d’ordre stratégique ou de real-politik. Il se fonde également sur une théorisation de l’exceptionnalisme turc, qui puise dans les arguments d’Edmund Burke, de Bernard Lewis et d’Albert Wohlstetter.

in Middle East Law and Governance Publication date 2016
MEDDEB Hamza
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In light of the chaotic and current situation in Egypt, Libya, Syria and Yemen, international observers consider the Tunisian experience to be the reference model of political change in the region. In spite of assassinations, tensions and conflicts that emerged within and outside of its Parliament, Tunisia managed to free public speech, to create a pluralist political arena and to obtain a democratic constitution adopted by the National Constituent Assembly. This second transitional phase resulted in the upholding of parliamentarian and presidential elections. Glowing reports of the international community and local self-triumph put aside, the Tunisian trajectory should be scrutinized in order to go beyond simplistic interpretations of the dynamics at work...

in Quand la burqa passe à l’Ouest. Enjeux éthiques, politiques et juridiques Publication date 2014
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[résumé de l'ouvrage] Le voile intégral est un bout de tissu à double épaisseur – culturelle et religieuse – qui suscite l’émoi et interroge la capacité des démocraties libérales à trouver des solutions juridiques et politiques légitimes et efficaces face à l’expression de convictions en porte-à faux avec les valeurs de la majorité. Quelle place accorder aux droits fondamentaux face à la radicalisation de certaines pratiques religieuses ? Le port du voile intégral nécessite-il des législations d’exception ? Comment concilier la spécificité d’une identité culturelle partagée par tous avec la diversité des authenticités qui se rencontrent dans la sphère publique ?

in POMEPS Studies Sous la direction de LYNCH Marc, MARZOUKI Nadia Publication date 2018-12
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There has traditionally been a wide divide between the study of the politics of Islam in the Middle East and in the West. Middle East-focused research in American political science has focused in great depth on issues such as political mobilization, social service provision, electoral performance, and Islamist ideologies. American research on Islam in the West, by contrast, has often focused on cultural conflicts, immigration, terrorism, and anti-Islamic campaigns. Today’s European scholarship on Islam distinguishes itself by a wide spectrum of methods, topics, and fieldworks, with a trend toward strong ethnographic research. Over the last two decades, a prolific and pluralist field of scholarship on Islam and Muslims in Europe and the U.S. has emerged and brought to the fore innovative perspectives and understudied topics. On June 28, 2018, POMEPS and Sciences Po CERI convened a workshop with a dozen scholars of Islam and politics in Europe and North America to engage with these various perspectives. Their work in POMEPS Studies 32: The Politics of Islam in Europe and North America illustrates the richness of the field of the politics of Islam in Europe and the U.S.

in Tumultes Publication date 2018-06
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La question rhétorique « Est-ce donc tout ce qu’il y a ? » relève d’une histoire dans laquelle l’attrait de la transcendance et de la totalité conduit au désappointement. Elle suggère la désillusion devant ce qui est perçu comme une promesse non tenue ou comme une réalité qui se révèle beaucoup moins attrayante qu’on ne l’espérait...

Sous la direction de MARZOUKI Nadia, ROY Olivier Publication date 2013
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While globalization undermines ideas of the nation-state in the Mediterranean, conversions reveal how religion can unsettle existing political and social relations. Through studies of conversions across the region this book examines the challenges that conversions represent for national, legal and policy ways of dealing with religious minorities.

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Islam: An American Religion demonstrates how Islam as formed in the United States has become an American religion in a double sense—first through the strategies of recognition adopted by Muslims and second through the performance of Islam as a faith. Nadia Marzouki investigates how Islam has become so contentious in American politics. Focusing on the period from 2008 to 2013, she revisits the uproar over the construction of mosques, legal disputes around the prohibition of Islamic law, and the overseas promotion of religious freedom. She argues that public controversies over Islam in the United States primarily reflect the American public's profound divisions and ambivalence toward freedom of speech and the legitimacy of liberal secular democracy.

in Muslim Women in War and Crisis. Representation and Reality Publication date 2010-01
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Whereas the West often portrays Muslim women in Middle Eastern countries negatively and from a biased standpoint, its images of the North African woman are largely positive. When “women of the Maghreb” are discussed, the focus is most frequently Tunisian women. Indeed, generalizations about the experiences of Tunisian women tend to subvert deeper inquiry concerning the lives of countless other Maghrebi women. A combination of indifference to and idealization of Maghrebi women relects the limited strategic interest that North Africa holds for U.S. foreign policy, especially in comparison to the Middle East...

in Middle East Report Publication date 2011-01-19
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For the first time in decades, Tunisia is free of one-man rule. The extraordinary events of December 2010 and January 2011 have been nothing less than a political revolution: The consistent pressure of popular fury forced President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali first to make an unprecedented promise to relinquish power; then pushed him to step down; and finally halted an attempt at unconstitutional transfer of power, setting the stage for elections to be held at an undetermined date in the near to mid-term future....

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