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  • POLK Jonathan (19)
  • ROVNY Allison (9)
  • PALIER Bruno (8)
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in Respekt Publication date 2020-08-23
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Současná politika vyspělého světa se štěpí na dva póly podle otázky, do jaké míry chcete vidět otevřený evropský a mezinárodní trh, do jaké míry jste schopni akceptovat mezinárodní migraci, do jaké míry jste schopni přijmout otevřenou společnost,“ říká politolog Jan Rovný, který působí na prestižní francouzské univerzitě Sciences Po. Dva opačné póly tohoto sporu u nás podle něj reprezentují Piráti a hnutí SPD. Ke stejnému dělení dochází podle Rovného nyní všude v Evropě.

Во всем мире государства постепенно снимают карантинные ограничения, а жизнь возвращается в нормальное русло. Пандемию сравнивают с крупнейшими кризисами современности. Но изменил ли коронавирус фундамент политических систем Европы? Ян Ровни, профессор Института политических исследований Парижа, считает, что, скорее, нет. В интервью мы обсудили, как период изоляции и кризис здравоохранения повлиял на партии и правительства в Европе, был ли он на руку авторитарным государствам и почему принимаемые меры сложно назвать однозначно технократическими или политическими Какое влияние, на ваш взгляд, оказал коронавирус на политическую систему и партии в Европе?

in LSE - The London School of Economics and Political Science - EUROPP Publication date 2020-06-01
BAKKER Ryan
HOOGHE Liesbet
JOLLY Seth
MARKS Gary
POLK Jonathan
STEENBERGEN Marco
ANNA VACHUDOVA Milada
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1st lines: A new round of data from the Chapel Hill Expert Survey, covering 2019, is due to be released. The survey, which estimates the positions of political parties on a variety of ideological and policy issues, offers an invaluable tool for assessing political competition in Europe. Ryan Bakker, Liesbet Hooghe, Seth Jolly, Gary Marks, Jonathan Polk, Jan Rovny, Marco Steenbergen, and Milada Anna Vachudova draw on the latest data to examine where European political parties now stand on European integration, and how their positions have changed since the last full survey was conducted in 2014.

Czechoslovakia, a newborn state in 1918, immediately faced interethnic conflict, threatening its survival. In other multinational places of interwar Central Europe, democracy rapidly collapsed, and most ethnic minorities became entrenched into a systemic opposition to the dominant nationality of their state. How could the Czechoslovak leaders of all nationalities overcome this state of tension and mistrust? How would leaders shape their preferences and strategies be shaped? Would cooperation prove to be a better option than systematic rejection of a common polity? To what extent did the imperial experience of interethnic cooperation survive the war and remain a useful frame for at least some part of the political leadership? This paper studies how and why interethnic cooperation was successful. It pursues two directions. First, it considers how biographies and individual trajectories of leaders inform us about the strategies adopted vis-à-vis the minority issue. Then, it assesses how documents from the relevant ministries controlled by German-speaking ministers help decipher public policy choices and reassess the importance of the "national question" in the everyday routine of these institutions.

Publication date 2020-01 Collection Sciences Po LIEPP Working Paper : 101
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While ethnic minorities may ultimately strive for creating their own state, or joining an ethnic kin state, these options are rarely realistically feasible. In such conditions, I argue, that dominant ethnic minority representatives strive to collaborate with the ethnic majority, and pursue liberal political goals, such as the protection of minority rights and civil liberties, that would ensure the survival and wellbeing of all ethnic groups. This contrasts with much of the literature which sees ethnicity as a source of particularistic, rather than liberal, politics. However, I suggest that when the plausibility of secession or irredentism increases, ethnic representatives abandon their liberal collaborative aims, and rather seek to end their minority status through exit. I study these mechanisms on the case of the German minority in interwar Czechoslovakia. Using historical analysis and quantitative content analysis of parliamentary speeches between 1920 and 1938, I demonstrate that the political actions of ethnic minority representatives are circumstantial.

in Euro Crisis in the Press. The politics of public discourse in Europe Publication date 2019-11
KOSTELKA Filip
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Who participates in protests? Much literature assumes that economic left-leaning individuals are expected to protest more than right-leaning ones. However, Filip Kostelka and Jan Rovny question this assumption and suggests that there is no natural affinity between left-wing or right-wing economic outlooks and protest behaviour. They argue that it is the cultural dimension that matters for protesting.

in The Oxford Encyclopedia of European Union Politics Edited by LAURSEN Finn Publication date 2019-11
ROVNA Lenka
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The collapse of communism in late 1989 released the Czechs to freely consider and shape the social and economic structures of their country. The diverse formulations of the contours that a democratic and market competitive Czech Republic should take were closely intertwined with the visions of Europe and the European Union. Two prominent postcommunist politicians, Václav Havel and Václav Klaus, offered two perspectives. While Václav Havel stressed the cultural, socially liberal anchoring represented by European democracy, Václav Klaus initially focused on Europe as a market-liberal economic model. By the time Václav Klaus replaced Václav Havel in the presidential office, Klaus shifted his European rhetoric from economic to sociocultural matters, opposing Europe as a limitation on Czech sovereignty. The discrete visions proposed by these statesmen are reflected in Czech public opinion, shaped between economic and sociocultural considerations. While Czech public opinion initially viewed the EU in economic terms, this changed around the time of the Czech Republic’s accession to the Union in 2004. By the early 2000s Czechs started to view the EU rather as a sociocultural project. It was also around this time that public support for the Union starts to significantly decline. The European Union, as a multifaceted organization with an encompassing legal framework, has been both an inspiration and a scarecrow in Czech politics. While for Havel it has provided an imperfect but stable sociocultural expression of liberty and openness, for Klaus it was initially a symbol of free market economics, only to later become a much-opposed damper on Czech national independence. Klaus’s economic view dominated public understanding of the EU in the 1990s; however, the 2000s have seen a shift as the EU comes to be understood as a value-based, socially liberalizing project. While this development coincides with Havel’s vision of the EU, it, paradoxically, has led to increased public opposition to European integration.

Jan Rovny analyse le livre de Thomas Piketty

in LSE - The London School of Economics and Political Science - EUROPP Publication date 2019-10-07
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1rst lines: The traditional left-right divide which shaped political competition across Europe in the post-war period is increasingly being supplanted by new patterns of competition. Drawing on the experience of the 2019 European Parliament elections, Anja Durovic, Caterina Froio, Gilles Ivaldi, Sarah de Lange, Nonna Mayer and Jan Rovny explain that one of the more interesting developments is the way that old divides have taken on new meaning in European politics. Urban-rural, education and gender divisions are now key elements in the split between urban cosmopolitanism, represented by Green or Liberal parties, and more peripherally concentrated nativist traditionalism, represented by the radical right.

in LSE The London School of Economics and Political Sciences - EUROPP - European Politics and Policy Publication date 2019-09
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In a section of his latest book, Thomas Piketty attempts to chart how political competition has evolved in contemporary societies. Jan Rovny writes that although many of Piketty’s conclusions are not entirely original, they touch on important shifts that have taken place in recent decades. Among the most important is the reversing role of education in political alignment: while highly educated voters once backed parties on the right, they are now far more likely to support those on the left.

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