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  • GROSSMAN Emiliano (12)
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  • LASLIER Jean-François (5)
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in Social indicators research Sous la direction de CLARK Andrew , SENIK Claudia, SAUGER Nicolas Publié en 2009
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Does immigration reduce natives' support for the welfare state? Evidence from the European Social Survey (2002/2003) suggests a more qualified relation. For Europe as a whole, there is only weak evidence of a negative association between the perceived presence of immigrants and natives' support for the welfare state. However, this weak average relationship masks considerable heterogeneity across countries. We distinguish two channels through which immigration could affect natives' support for the welfare state: a pure dislike of immigrants and concerns about the economic consequences of immigration. We find that natives who hold both negative views react much more negatively to a given perceived share of immigrants than natives who hold neither view. However, there is no clear pattern concerning the relative importance of the two channels. Finally, we find that natives who hold either of these negative views of immigrants tend to be less supportive of the welfare state independently of the perceived presence of immigrants.

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The presidential and legislative elections that were held during spring 2007 in France were closely watched over after the ‘earthquake’ of 2002 (Perrineau and Ysmal 2003; Gaffney 2004) and the ‘no’ to the European constitution through the referendum of 29 May 2007 (Sauger et al. 2007). The 2002 presidential election in France was seen as boiling down to a contest between an incumbent president of the centre-right, Jacques Chirac, and an outgoing prime minister of the centre-left, Lionel Jospin, coming after a period of cohabitation between left and right that marked the end of the final seven-year presidential term (...).

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Ce Cahier décrit un jeu de données collectées après les élections européennes de 2014. Un sondage post-électoral a été conduit dans les jours suivant les élections, par Internet, dans sept pays différents, avec des échantillons représentatifs nationaux de 4 000 en Autriche, en France, en Allemagne, en Italie et en Espagne, de 1 000 personnes en Grèce et au Portugal. Ce Cahier présente le questionnaire et les codages utilisés ainsi que des indications sur la qualité des échantillons.

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This article describes a post-electoral cross-sectional survey conducted after the French presidential election of 2017. The French Election Study consists in a national representative sample of 1830 people, who were interviewed face-to-face in the days following the second round. The paper introduces the questionnaire and the methodology used. Data quality is also discussed in comparison with previous French cross-sectional presidential election studies.

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Increased cohesion of groups and political blocks within the French parliament is one key reason for the stabilisation of the political regime under the Fifth Republic. This article starts with precise measures of the extent to which patterns of cohesion have changed throughout the twentieth century in France. It then moves to explain why cohesion has improved with the new regime of the Fifth Republic despite the change to a single member district electoral system and the direct election of the president. Both are generally expected to threaten cohesion. The two-round electoral system and semi-presidentialism prove, however, to be important explanations of the emergence of strict discipline in the French parliament.

in West European Politics Sous la direction de GROSSMAN Emiliano, SAUGER Nicolas Publié en 2009-07
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Fifty years after the creation of the Fifth Republic, French politics is undergoing profound changes. The election of Nicolas Sarkozy has announced a general review of the French political system. A special committee – the comité constitutionnel – is currently drafting a catalogue of potential reforms. Debates focus on issues like presidentialization, parliamentary scrutiny of the executive or the creation of a popular initiative to trigger constitutional review of given legislative texts. These discussions reflect long-standing trends in the Fifth Republic. This volume aims at analysing those trends and at outlining the major perspectives for future development. In particular it puts the French political system in comparative perspectives and provides in-depth analysis of the evolution of the major political institutions and their relations. The volume argues that substantial reforms have helped to partially reshape French politics. Yet, it also shows that the fundamental characteristics of semi-presidential government have stood firm. The question is whether current debates and subsequent reforms are likely to alter the current pattern.

Les systèmes politiques notionaux de l'Union européenne offre une présentation approfondie des institutions politiques nationales des vingt-sept pays membres de l'UE. L'approche théorique et problématique qui y est proposée intègre les derniers développements de l'analyse des institutions au niveau international, rompant de ce fait avec une approche souvent trop française des manuels d'institutions comparées. Autre innovation majeure de ce manuel : l'introduction de données systématiques sur l'ensemble des vingt-sept pays membres de l'Union européenne. Contrairement à une démarche par étude de cas souvent limitée tout au plus à quelques pays, cet ouvrage intègre les données essentielles à la compréhension du fonctionnement de l'ensemble des systèmes institutionnels nationaux, de la Lettonie au Portugal en passant par la France ou la Slovénie. Les grandes tendances dégagées apparaissent ainsi valables pour l'ensemble des pays européens et non seulement pour quelques-uns des «grands» pays. Cet ouvrage se présente ainsi non seulement comme un manuel, par son accessibilité et son souci de clarté dans l'exposition, mais intègre également de véritables apports par son ancrage dans une recherche empirique originale.

in Dominant political parties and democracy: concepts, measures, cases, and comparisons Publié en 2010-05
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This book examines dominant parties in both established democracies and new democracies and explores the relationship between dominant parties and the democratic process. Bridging existing literatures, the authors analyse dominant parties at national and sub-national, district and intra-party levels and take a fresh look at some of the classic cases of one-party dominance. The book also features methodological advances in the study of dominant parties through contributions that develop new ways of conceptualizing and measuring one-party dominance. Combining theoretical and empirical research and bringing together leading experts in the field - including Hermann Giliomee and Kenneth Greene - this book features comparisons and case studies on Japan, Canada, Germany, Mexico, Italy, France and South Africa. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of political science, democracy studies, comparative politics, party politics and international studies specialists.

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