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  • PALIER Bruno (18)
  • BOUSSAGUET Laurie (16)
  • GRAZIANO Paolo Roberto (9)
  • WOLL Cornelia (7)
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  • Conference contribution (32)
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in The EU and the Domestic Politics of Welfare State Reforms, Europa, Europae Sous la direction de PALIER Bruno, GRAZIANO Paolo Roberto, PALIER Bruno, JACQUOT Sophie Publication date 2011-06
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The question common to the various chapters of this book is whether and how the European Union (EU) has contributed to employment-friendly welfare reforms. In order to investigate the mechanisms which cause the various EU initiatives to matter at the national level, we have chosen to concentrate on the national ‘usages of Europe’ (see Graziano, Jacquot and Palier, introduction to this volume; and for a general presentation of this analytical approach see Woll and Jacquot, 2010). From this perspective, analysing the way EU resources are used at the national level first requires analysing what kind of resources the EU can provide national actors with.

in European Journal of Social Security Publication date 2011-03
GRAZIANO Paolo Roberto
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In recent years, European institutions have promoted the development of reconciliation policies in an overall context where most European countries are saying 'farewell to maternalism' (Orloff 2006) and are now implementing policies aimed at helping individuals (especially women) to combine paid work and family responsibilities. Is it possible to consider that these changes in national reconciliation policies have been due to EU actions in this policy field and, if so, what are the mechanisms of possible EU influence? In section one, we review the Europeanisation literature in order to situate our own perspective. In the second section, we present our approach in terms of 'national usages of Europe" In section three, we come back to the policy content to be analysed, presenting the EU definitions of reconciliation policies, and reviewing the tools we have used to situate each national case of care regimes and reconciliation policies. In the fourth section, we introduce our common hypotheses and the analytical framework that is used in all the articles of this special issue. Finally, in section five, we summarise our main findings.

in European Journal of Social Security Publication date 2011-03
GRAZIANO Paolo Roberto
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In recent years, European institutions have promoted the development of reconciliation policies in an overall context where most European countries are saying 'farewell to maternalism' (Orloff 2006) and are now implementing policies aimed at helping individuals (especially women) to combine paid work and family responsibilities. Is it possible to consider that these changes in national reconciliation policies have been due to EU actions in this policy field and, if so, what are the mechanisms of possible EU influence? In section one, we review the Europeanisation literature in order to situate our own perspective. In the second section, we present our approach in terms of 'national usages of Europe" In section three, we come back to the policy content to be analysed, presenting the EU definitions of reconciliation policies, and reviewing the tools we have used to situate each national case of care regimes and reconciliation policies. In the fourth section, we introduce our common hypotheses and the analytical framework that is used in all the articles of this special issue. Finally, in section five, we summarise our main findings.

Sous la direction de GRAZIANO Paolo Roberto, JACQUOT Sophie, PALIER Bruno Publication date 2011-06
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Does European integration influence national social policies? What is the use of EU laws, orientations and guidelines? Based on a systematic comparison of ten national cases, including both old and new member states, representing all families of welfare regimes, this volume explores and specifies the mechanisms through which the EU plays a role in domestic social policy changes. It focuses on where, when and how national actors use the tools and resources offered by the process of European integration to support them in the national welfare reforms they are engaged in. The comprehensive research design and the systematic comparisons provide a unique opportunity to fully grasp the mechanisms of domestic welfare state change within the context of the European Union multilevel political system. This book proposes both a new step within the Europeanization and the welfare state literatures. It confirms the idea that Europe matters in a differential way since EU social policy will be selectively used by domestic political actors in accordance with their political preferences. It provides a clear explanation of why no EU-induced social policy change can occur without an overall support offered by key domestic decision-makers. (Résumé éditeur)

in Les usages de l' Europe : acteurs et transformations européennes Sous la direction de WOLL Cornelia, JACQUOT Sophie, WOLL Cornelia, JACQUOT Sophie Publication date 2004
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in Comparative European Politics Publication date 2010-04
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This article examines the importance of action-theoretical considerations in European studies. By outlining the notion of “usage” of the European Union, we argue for a more systematically sociological consideration of strategic action in the study of European transformations. The recent turns towards constructivism and comparative political sociology allow analyzing the rationality of political actors without falling in the trap of overly reductionist rational choice assumptions. Concentrating on intentional action helps to reveal the importance of three aspects of the multi-level polity: (1) informal and non-constraining procedures, (2) the effects of ways in which actors move in between the different levels of the European political system, and (3) the ambiguous and often surprising coalitions that come together despite often considerable disagreement over their final goals.

Cet article s'intéresse à l'influence de la sociologie dans l'analyse de l'action publique européenne. Nous revenons notamment sur la notion "d'usage" que nous avons développée auparavant et plaidons pour une prise en compte plus systématique de l'action stratégique dans l'analyse des transformations européennes. Nous analysons les évolutions récentes des études européennes vers une prise en compte plus systématique de l'imbrication sociale des acteurs, ce qui permet d'étudier leur rationalité sans tomber dans certains pièges des approches du choix rationnel trop réductrices. L'analyse de l'action intentionnée permet de mettre en lumière trois dimensions spécifiques des transformations européennes : (1) les processus non contraignants et informels, (2) les effets de la circulation des acteurs entre les différents niveaux du système européen, et (3) l’importance des coalitions ambiguës et parfois inattendues qui se forment, souvent malgré des divergences profondes sur les objectifs à atteindre.

in Les usages de l'Europe : acteurs et transformations européennes Sous la direction de JACQUOT Sophie, WOLL Cornelia, WOLL Cornelia, JACQUOT Sophie Publication date 2004
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Pourquoi faire une sociologie politique des usages de l’intégration européenne ? La réponse nous semble résider dans l’évolution des théories de la construction européenne. Initialement, l’objet des études européennes était d’expliquer un régime ou une coopération internationale. Par conséquent, les théories dominantes étaient issues du champ des relations internationales. D’un côté, on trouvait des explications fonctionnalistes1 puis néo-fonctionnalistes2, de l’autre, la critique des réalistes et la théorie de l’intergouvernementalisme libéral3. Dans les deux cas, l’ambition était d’expliquer la création et la stabilité d’une coopération entre Etats, et d’analyser les politiques produites à ce niveau supranational. Les politiques nationales étaient un facteur qui déterminait les choix faits au niveau supranational, mais l’étude des politiques nationales se développait relativement indépendamment des études européennes (...).

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This article is interested with the legal mobilization of transnational interest groups at the European level (European Union and Council of Europe). It compares the legal and political lobbying strategies of two umbrella organizations – the European Women’s Lobby (EWL) and the European Roma and Travellers Forum (ERTF), which seek respectively to promote the rights of women and those of Roma – focusing on their interactions with European institutions and law. The article analyses the contrasted relationship of these groups to legal mobil- ization as a rights advancement strategy, shedding new light on how law can be stra- tegically used by both strong and weak civil society actors. Beyond classical factors linked to organizational characteristics and identity, the differential usages of law by the two groups are explained by the role of strategic actors who adapt to the spe- cificities of the system of governance in the two policy sectors – gender equality and anti-discrimination.

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