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  • BORRAZ Olivier (8)
  • PIERRU Frédéric (7)
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in Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de méthodologie sociologique Publication date 2020-09
CORTINAS Joan
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En partant de l’exemple de l’industrie agroalimentaire en France, cet article propose une méthode permettant de donner une vision d’ensemble de l’espace social où les activités politiques des entreprises prennent forme. Simple du point de vue du traitement, cette démarche permet de distinguer et de représenter à partir de données quantifiées les stratégies mises en œuvre par les principaux acteurs économiques pour peser sur les décisions et les politiques publiques. Cette démarche n’a pas seulement un intérêt en matière de classification des acteurs individuels et collectifs impliqués dans diverses pratiques politiques ou de caractérisation du champ institutionnel et du réseau que forment ces acteurs. Elle permet aussi de dégager quelques enseignements de portée plus générale sur le travail d’influence des entreprises.

in La Vie des idées Publication date 2020-07
NAUDET Jules
GUÉNARD Florent
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La pandémie a mis l’expertise scientifique en demeure de réagir très vite à une crise qui a surpris par son ampleur. D. Benamouzig, membre du Comité scientifique Covid-19, revient sur le rôle de cet organe consultatif dans l’épidémie et sur l’aide qu’il a apportée à la décision publique.

in The Lancet Publication date 2020-07
ATLANI-DUAULT Laëtitia
CHAUVIN Franck
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Simmering beneath the surface of France's centrally coordinated response to COVID-19 is a long-standing tension between two French public health traditions. The first tradition has been the foundation of the French state's historical engagement with global humanitarian health, which we have previously described as state humanitarian verticalism.1 Instituted first in the French former colonies, it was widely used in France's international health assistance, including during epidemics, and is still part of France's global health assistance in low-income countries.1, 2, 3 The second tradition underpins France's state-provided, universal, and free health coverage. This approach takes health and non-health infrastructure into account when designing interventions, links the health system with the social protection system, and seeks to improve health by reducing inequality.[first paragraph]

in La Vie des Idées Publication date 2020-07
GUÉNARD Florent
NAUDET Jules
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La pandémie a mis l’expertise scientifique en demeure de réagir très vite à une crise qui a surpris par son ampleur. D. Benamouzig, membre du Comité scientifique Covid-19, revient sur le rôle de cet organe consultatif dans l’épidémie et sur l’aide qu’il a apportée à la décision publique. [chapeau]

in European Journal of Public Health Publication date 2020
SPAAK Marine
CIPRIANO Marion
ALLA François
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We aimed to identify the knowledge producers, the knowledge that they produce and the main areas of interest for health services research (HSR) in France, which is one of the priorities for public health research planning. Methods: —A two-phase approach comprising a bibliometric analysis and semi-structured interviews with 20 researchers and 13 staff members of public health bodies was used. Results: —In France today, interdisciplinary research teams are being organized in the main cities despite a lack of critical mass. The interviews showed that the term ‘health services research’ is vague with fuzzy boundaries between research, scientific expertise and evaluation. A keyword cluster analysis showed that French HSR is more hospital-centric compared to those countries that publish most frequently. The analysis also revealed a lack of research on methodological aspects. Conclusions: —We analyzed the structure of HSR in France and the specificity of the French publications in this field, compared with other countries. The results indicate the obstacles faced by researchers and decision makers and offer insight into how these barriers may be removed.

in Vaccine Publication date 2020
BOUCHEZ Maité
WARD Jeremy
BOCQUIER Aurélie
PIERRE Verger
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Background: The contemporary crisis of trust in vaccines has severely impaired acceptance of the HPV vaccine, especially in France, where its uptake culminated at 23.7% in 2018 (complete course at age 16). Physicians’ recommendations strongly influence its acceptance/refusal. Our study sought to understand the decision processes leading physicians to recommend this vaccine (or not). Methods: Qualitative interviews of French physicians (general practitioners, gynecologists, and pediatricians). We first randomly selected doctors in a national register of medical professionals and then resorted to snowballing to build a convenience sample. We coded the interviews in a thematic analysis built both inductively and deductively from our research questions and data. Results: Two thirds of the participants (19/28) were favorable to HPV vaccination, some (4) opposed it, while the others were hesitant about recommending it. In explaining their opinions, most participants mentioned that they trusted the stakeholders within the vaccination system: the less trust they had, the more critical they were of the vaccine and the more importance they attributed to patients’ opinions. We identified three different ways they interacted with patients on this topic: informing and convincing; adapting to patients’ opinions; refusing compromise about vaccination. Crossing these various themes, we found 5 types of physicians: dissidents (mistrustful of the healthcare system and HPV vaccine), hesitant (finding it difficult to make up their minds about this vaccination), laissez-faire (letting patients decide by themselves, but very favorable to HPV vaccination), educator (very favorable), and uncompromising vaccinators (refusing debate). Pediatricians were overrepresented among the latter two types. Conclusions: Physicians’ judgment was influenced by their trust in the stakeholders involved in designing and implementing the HPV vaccination strategy. In this sense, doctors did not differ substantially from laypeople. They were, nonetheless, strongly influenced by their professional style and ethos.

in Le monde d’aujourd’hui. Les sciences sociales au temps de la Covid Publication date 2020
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Ce chapitre décrit l'expérience de Daniel Benamouzig au Conseil scientifique Covid19 en mars 2020 et présente les caractéristiques et le travail de ce conseil scientifique auprès du gouvernement.

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