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  • FOUGERE Denis (2)
  • CAHUC Pierre (1)
  • BOUZOU Nicolas (1)
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in Revue économique Sous la direction de GLAUDE Michel, FOUGERE Denis, KRAMARZ Francis, MARGOLIS David, HERPIN Nicolas Publication date 2005
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Numéro spécial consacré aux rapports qu’entretiennent Sociologie et Économie dans différents champs de recherche. Cette "confrontation" est ici menée dans une perspective plus appliquée susceptible de favoriser le dialogue entre disciplines avec deux ambitions complémentaires : (1) bien présenter les différentes sources d’information disponibles et en particulier valoriser les grandes collectes de données organisées par la statistique française et qui, mises à disposition des chercheurs, sont le support de travaux tant économiques que sociologiques de qualité ; (2) contribuer à mieux diffuser les différentes méthodes d’analyse des données et d’administration de la preuve (économétrie sur données individuelles). [Extraits de la présentation du numéro]

in International Journal of Manpower Publication date 2013
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Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the empirical links between social housing policy and location choices of immigrants in France. Design/methodology/approach – The study characterizes the main individual and contextual determinants of the probability of immigrants to live in a HLM (habitations à loyer modéré), which is the main public housing policy in France. The authors use individual information coming from large (one-fourth) extracts of the French population censuses conducted by INSEE (Paris) in 1982, 1990, and 1999. Findings – In general, migrants live more frequently in social housing than French natives, other observables being equal. In particular, this frequency is higher for migrants from Turkey, Morocco, Southeast Asia, Algeria, Tunisia and Sub-Saharan Africa (in decreasing order). Moreover, migrants of all origins live less often in a HLM when the city has plenty of social housing and when the fraction of natives is high. Research limitations/implications – The dataset can only measure statistical association between location choices of immigrants and the supply of social housing units at the local level, in the absence of panel data and instrumental variables. Interpretation in terms of causality is thus not permitted. Originality/value – The dataset used is especially valuable for studying location choices of immigrants, since it allows significant samples of immigrants, according to their country of origin, these groups being generally too small in (French) surveys.

Publication date 2018-07
CAHUC Pierre
NEVOUX Sandra
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Short-time work programs were revived by the Great Recession. To understand their operating mechanisms, we first provide a model showing that short-time work may save jobs in firms hit by strong negative revenue shocks, but not in less severely-hit firms, where hours worked are reduced, without saving jobs. The cost of saving jobs is low because short-time work targets those at risk of being destroyed. Using extremely detailed data on the administration of the program covering the universe of French establishments, we devise a causal identification strategy based on the geography of the program that demonstrates that short-time work saved jobs in firms faced with large drops in their revenues during the Great Recession, in particular when highly levered, but only in these firms. The measured cost per saved job is shown to be very low relative to that of other employment policies.

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