Type
Partie ou chapitre de livre
Titre
Elements toward a Comparative Analysis of Affirmative Action Policies
Dans
Unequal Worlds. Discrimination and Social Inequality in Modern India
Auteur(s)
SABBAGH Daniel - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
VERMA Vidhu - (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
Éditeur
Oxford University Press
Pages
164 - 186 p.
ISBN
9780199453283
Résumé
EN
Broadly defined, affirmative action encompasses any measure that allocates resources through a process that takes into account individual membership in underrepresented groups, with a view to increasing the proportion of individuals from those groups in positions from which they have been excluded as a result of state-sanctioned oppression in the past or societal discrimination in the present. A comparative overview of affirmative action regimes reveals that the most direct and controversial variety of affirmative action emerged as a strategy for conflict management in deeply divided societies; that the policy tends to expand in scope, either embracing additional groups, encompassing wider realms for the same groups, or both; and that in countries where the beneficiaries are numerical majorities, affirmative action programs are more extensive and their transformative purpose is unusually explicit.

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