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Quota for Patels? The Neo-middle-class Syndrome and the (partial) Return of Caste Politics in Gujarat

 

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Type:   Article
 
Titre:   Quota for Patels? The Neo-middle-class Syndrome and the (partial) Return of Caste Politics in Gujarat
 
Auteur(s):   Jaffrelot, Christophe (1964-...) - Centre de recherches internationales (Auteur)
 
In:   Studies in Indian politics
 
Date de publication:   2016-10-21
 
Éditeur:   INDE  :  SAGE Publications
 
Volume:   4
 
Numéro:   2
 
Pages:   1-15  p.
 
ISSN:   23217472
 
DOI:   10.1177/2321023016665532
 
Mots-clés:   [en] quota, Gujarat model, Gujarat, reservation, OBCs, BJP, neo-middle class, Patidars, Patel
 
Résumé:   [en] The Patels, a dominant caste of Gujarat, rallied around the Congress in the 1920s and remained behind the ruling party until the 1980s, when they shifted to the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) because of the pro-Other Backward Classes (OBCs) reservation policy of the Congress Chief Minister Madhavsinh Solanki. As evident from the 2015 local elections, rural Patels are getting back to Congress. They resent the fact that the BJP, the ruling party for almost two decades, refuses to include Patels on the list of the OBCs. This demand, articulated by Hardik Patel, and other youth leaders, reflects the growing socio-economic inequalities within this caste group, not only because of the gap between peasants and urban dwellers but also because of the scarcity of good jobs in the private sectors, one of the outcomes of the ‘Gujarat model’.
 
 

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