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  • HEATH Anthony (1)
  • FLEISCHMANN Fenella (1)
  • QUILLIAN Lincoln (1)
  • SAFI Mirna (1)
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  • Article (1)
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in Sociological Science Publié en 2019-06
QUILLIAN Lincoln
HEATH Anthony
PAGER Devah
MIDTBØEN Arnfinn H.
FLEISCHMANN Fenella
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Comparing levels of discrimination across countries can provide a window into large-scalesocial and political factors often described as the root of discrimination. Because of difficulties inmeasurement, however, little is established about variation in hiring discrimination across countries.We address this gap through a formal meta-analysis of 97 field experiments of discriminationincorporating more than 200,000 job applications in nine countries in Europe and North America. Wefind significant discrimination against nonwhite natives in all countries in our analysis; discriminationagainst white immigrants is present but low. However, discrimination rates vary strongly by country:In high-discrimination countries, white natives receive nearly twice the callbacks of nonwhites; inlow-discrimination countries, white natives receive about 25 percent more. France has the highestdiscrimination rates, followed by Sweden. We find smaller differences among Great Britain, Canada,Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway, the United States, and Germany. These findings challenge severalconventional macro-level theories of discrimination.

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Quand on leur demande s’ils pensent avoir subi un traitement inégalitaire ou avoir été victimes de discrimination, 31 % des Français nés en France descendants de deux parents immigrés répondent par l’affirmative (comparativement à 13 % de la population française). Ces chiffres atteignent des niveaux particulièrement élevés pour ceux dont les parents sont nés au Maghreb, en Afrique subsaharienne et dans les DOM avec l’origine, la couleur de la peau, ou la nationalité en tête des motifs déclarés. [Premier paragraphe]