Co-auteur
  • PETEV Ivaylo (6)
  • LEMEL Yannick (5)
  • ROHARIK Ionela (4)
  • DUVAL Julien (2)
  • Voir plus
Type de Document
  • Partie ou chapitre de livre (20)
  • Article (18)
  • Communication non publiée (14)
  • Livre (6)
  • Voir plus
This article explores the changing pattern of cultural privilege in contemporary France. Using French data on cultural practices, including variables on ‘highbrow’ culture, mass culture and cosmopolitan culture, we apply a multi-correspondence analysis (MCA). The findings first show that cultural privilege among French social and educational elites remains primarily a matter of cultural capital endowment, with a structuring contrast between ‘legitimate’ and ‘mass’ culture. The MCA also shows an additional divide between local and global culture underpinned by a strong age gradient. Yet the emergence of a changing pattern of cultural privilege among the youngest cohorts does not imply any clear reduction in cultural inequalities. Rather, it suggests a growing cultural distinctiveness of French elites. Finally, these tendencies should not be easily extrapolated to other contexts as they reflect strong French specificities related to the evolution of social and educational structures during the second half of the 20th century.

in L’état de la France 2007-2008 Publié en 2007
6
vues

0
téléchargements

Dans la plupart des sociétés occidentales, la place des loisirs et des activités culturelles s’est considérablement accrue depuis la fin des années 1960. Cette évolution générale masque toutefois de profondes disparités : disparités économiques dans la consommation des biens et services culturels, disparités spatiales d‘accès aux équipements, disparités de compétences, étroitement dépendantes des inégalités scolaires et de l’héritage familial. À la lumière des données issues des grandes enquêtes françaises et étrangères, cet ouvrage tente de discerner les principales tendances qui caractérisent l’évolution contemporaine des pratiques culturelles. Marquée par la montée de l’audiovisuel, le recul de l’écrit et le repli sur la sphère domestique, la cartographie des styles de vie culturelle est perturbée par un certain éclectisme des goûts et des pratiques ; si celui-ci brouille le découpage des frontières symboliques entre les groupes sociaux, il n’est pas nécessairement synonyme d’une disparition des hiérarchies culturelles. Dans le contexte de la montée en puissance des loisirs numériques et de l’Internet, ces évolutions interrogent aussi le bilan des politiques de démocratisation de la culture.

in L’état de la France 2009-2010 Publié en 2010
4
vues

0
téléchargements

in Dictionnaire de sociologie Publié en 2007
1
vues

0
téléchargements

A well-established tradition of research in the social sciences insists on the symbolic dimensions of social stratification and social classes’ relations in contemporary societies that are not reducible to their relations in the sphere of production. Fist and foremost, many authors, from Halbwachs and Veblen to Bourdieu, have intended to challenge the predominantly “production-based” conception of social classes, inherited form the Marxian tradition, insisting on what could be designed as a “consumption-based” theory of social classes, in which people tend to differentiate themselves from each other on the base of their patterns of consumption expenditures, lifestyles, tastes and habits in such diverse areas than clothing, food or cultural activities, but also on the base of their moral or political values, and even their religious or spiritual beliefs. Theses two conceptions – production-based and lifestyles-based theories of social classes – are in fact far form being mutually exclusive, to the extent that the social stratification of lifestyles often extends end expresses the social cleavages that originate in the sphere of production. But the lifestyles-based theory nonetheless suggests the relative autonomy of people lifestyles as to the purely economic factors. In particular, in the sphere of consumption, the behaviours patterns are merely considered as an exclusive matter of price/earning optimization, but entail a cultural and social framing of people choices and preferences. In this paper, we will try to evaluate the relevance of this “consumption-based” or “lifestylesbased” orientation and, perhaps more generally, the relevance of all the class-schemes that focus on the symbolic dimensions of social interactions, be they religious, spiritual or cultural, in a broader sense.

Suivant