Type
Partie ou chapitre de livre
Titre
Introduction: Drugs and Culture
Dans
Drugs and Culture: Knowledge, Consumption and Policy
Auteur(s)
MILHET Maitena - Observatoire français des drogues et des toxicomanies (Auteur)
MOLONEY Molly - (Auteur)
HUNT Geoffrey - (Auteur)
BERGERON Henri - Centre de sociologie des organisations (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
HUNT Geoffrey - (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
MILHET Maitena - (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
BERGERON Henri - (Directeur de publication ou de collection)
Éditeur
Farnham : Ashgate Publishing
Pages
1 - 12 p.
ISBN
9781409405436
Mots clés
drogue, addiction, risque, santé publique
Résumé
EN
Asserting that medicalization is nothing but a specific form of problematization underscores both the general signification of the phenomenon and its relative commonality: it is one of many configurations of problems. In the case of addiction in France, it evolved during the late 1980s and early 1990's from a problem of drug withdrawal to one of risk reduction. The former was formulated by psychiatrists with the objective of weaning addicts off drugs. The latter was defined by public health specialists who considered that the major threat was infectious diseases caused by the injection of drugs. The traditional medicalization of addictions involves a distinction between good and bad behaviors, temperance and dependence, governing of the self and giving oneself up. On the one hand, medicalization substitutes itself to law enforcement activities or, the liberal programs of syringe and needle exchange and methadone treatment displace the repressive activities of the police.

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