Type
Article
Title
Symbolic universes between present and future of Europe : First results of the map of European societies' cultural milieu
In
PLos ONE
Author(s)
SALVATORE Sergio - (Author)
FINI Viviana - (Author)
CREMASCHI Marco - Centre d'études européennes et de politique comparée (Author)
MANNARINI Terri - (Author)
VELTRI Giuseppe Alessandro - (Author)
AVDI Evrinomi - (Author)
BATTAGLIA Fiorella - (Author)
CASTRO-TEJERINA Jorge - (Author)
CIAVOLINO Enrico - (Author)
KADIANAKI Irini - (Author)
KHARLAMOV Nikita A. - (Author)
KRASTEVA Anna - (Author)
KULLASEPP Katrin - (Author)
Editor
US : Public Library of Science
Pages
online - p.
ISSN
19326203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0189885
Keywords
European societies' cultural, Europe
Abstract
EN
This paper reports the framework, method and main findings of an analysis of cultural milieus in 4 European countries (Estonia, Greece, Italy, and UK). The analysis is based on a questionnaire applied to a sample built through a two-step procedure of post-hoc random selection from a broader dataset based on an online survey. Responses to the questionnaire were subjected to multidimensional analysis–a combination of Multiple Correspondence Analysis and Cluster Analysis. We identified 5 symbolic universes, that correspond to basic, embodied, affect-laden, generalized worldviews. People in this study see the world as either a) an ordered universe; b) a matter of interpersonal bond; c) a caring society; d) consisting of a niche of belongingness; e) a hostile place (others’ world). These symbolic universes were also interpreted as semiotic capital: they reflect the capacity of a place to foster social and civic development. Moreover, the distribution of the symbolic universes, and therefore social and civic engagement, is demonstrated to be variable across the 4 countries in the analysis. Finally, we develop a retrospective reconstruction of the distribution of symbolic universes as well as the interplay between their current state and past, present and future socio-institutional scenarios.

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