Globalization, demand of sense and enemization of the other: A psychocultural analysis of European societies’ sociopolitical crisis
Culture & Psychology
CREMASCHI Marco - Centre d'études européennes et de politique comparée (Auteur)
SALVATORE Sergio - University of Salento [Lecce] (Auteur)
MANNARINI Terri - University of Salento [Lecce] (Auteur)
AVDI Evrinomi - (Auteur)
FINI Viviana - (Auteur)
FORGES DAVANZATI Guglielmo - University of Salento [Lecce] (Auteur)
KADIANAKI Irini - Univeristy of Cyprus (Auteur)
KRASTEVA Anna - New Bulgarian University (Auteur)
KULLASEPP Katrin - Tallinn University (Auteur)
MATSOPOULOS Anastassios - University of Crete [Heraklion] (Auteur)
MØLHOLM Martin - Aalborg Universitet (Auteur)
REDD Rozlyn - Imperial College London (Auteur)
ROCHIRA Alessia - University of Salento [Lecce] (Auteur)
RUSSO Federico - University of Salento [Lecce] (Auteur)
SANTARPIA Alfonso - (Auteur)
SAMMUT Gordon - University of Malta [Malta] (Auteur)
VALMORBIDA Antonella - (Auteur)
VELTRI Giuseppe Alessandro - University of Trento (Auteur)
345 - 374 p.
The paper outlines a cultural–psychological interpretation of the current European societies’ socio-institutional crisis. To this end, preliminarily, the cultural psychological view of social behaviour is outlined, focusing on the idea that socio-political choices depend on how people make sense of their world. Second, the paper provides an interpretation of the current socio-political European scenario of crisis, based on the main results of a recent study that has mapped the cultural dynamics underpinning some European countries. The interpretation focuses on two complementary facets: on the one hand, the lack of symbolic resources (defined: semiotic capital) enabling people to perceive the collective dimension of life as a lived, subjectively relevant fact of experience; on the other hand, the relevance of a cultural form (defined: paranoid belongingness) that channels a trajectory of sensemaking consisting of the affective connotation of otherness in terms of threat and enemy. Third, the paper deepens the interplay between these cultural dynamics and the social, political and economic conditions that may have been triggered by them. In that perspective, the function of semiotic regulation played by the enemization of the other is highlighted. The conclusive part of the work is devoted to discuss implications the analysis suggests for policy makers.