Part or chapter of a book
The Management of Identities in and by Turkey’s Political Parties
Identity, Conflict and Politics in Turkey, Iran and Pakistan
London : Hurst Publishers
79 - 94 p.
Turkey, political parties, identity
This paper grew out of my surprise that, while like France, Turkey envisions itself as a universalist and unified republic, Turkey confronts far more significant problems of identity. In fact, Turkey’s identity-related problems, which have centered on specific ethnic and denominational issues since the 1980s, have recently increased in intensity. Identity politics has since become a means of claiming and proclaiming particularist rights, which are often expressed in terms of correcting wrongs or of demanding recognition. This development has been associated with various tensions and very high levels of conflict, particularly, but not exclusively, regarding the Kurdish question. More broadly, growth among a range of movements has been accompanied by an increasing tendency to interpret social problems through the lens of a wide range of identitary interpretations. For example, the Islamist movement is read through issues of identity. Political actors have been forced to take action concerning the growing importance of identity issues compelled to find ways of managing them, although such questions are often settled and regulated outside “legitimate” policies...