Immigration and Wage Dynamics: Evidence from the Mexican Peso Crisis
Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers
Sciences Po Economics Discussion Papers : 2015-04
International and internal migration, local shocks, local labor demand elasticity.
How does the US labor market absorb low-skilled immigration? I address this question using the 1995 Mexican Peso Crisis, an exogenous push factor that raised Mexican migration to the US. In the short run, high-immigration states see their low-skilled labor force increase and native low-skilled wages decrease, with an implied local labor demand elasticity of -.7. Internal relocation dissipates this shock spatially. In the long run, the only lasting consequences are for low-skilled natives who entered the labor force in high-immigration years. A simple quantitative many-region model allows me to obtain the counterfactual local wage evolution absent the immigration shock.