Type
Article
Title
Gender differences in COVID-19 attitudes and behavior: Panel evidence from eight countries
In
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS)
Author(s)
GALASSO Vincenzo - Università Bocconi (Author)
PONS Vincent - Harvard Business School (Author)
PROFETA Paola - Università Bocconi (Author)
BECHER Michael - Toulouse School of Economics (TSE) (Author)
BROUARD Sylvain - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Author)
FOUCAULT Martial - Centre de recherches politiques de Sciences Po (Author)
Editor
US
Volume
117
Number
44
Pages
27285 - 27291 p.
ISSN
00278424
Keywords
COVID-19 public health rules, gender differences, compliance with rules
Abstract
EN
Public health response to COVID-19 requires behavior changes—isolation at home, wearing masks. Its effectiveness depends on generalized compliance. Original data from two waves of a survey conducted in March−April 2020 in eight Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries (n = 21,649) show large gender differences in COVID-19−related beliefs and behaviors. Women are more likely to perceive the pandemic as a very serious health problem and to agree and comply with restraining measures. These differences are only partially mitigated for individuals cohabiting or directly exposed to COVID-19. This behavioral factor contributes to substantial gender differences in mortality and is consistent with women-led countries responding more effectively to the pandemic. It calls for gender-based public health policies and communication.

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