Type
Article
Titre
Home-based shared book reading interventions and children’s language skills: a meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials
Dans
Educational Research and Evaluation
Auteur(s)
BARONE Carlo - Observatoire sociologique du changement (Auteur)
EMILIO Chambuleyron - Universidad Catolica de Córdoba (Auteur)
VONNAK Reka - University of Glasgow (Glasgow Univ.) (Auteur)
ASSIRELLI Giulia - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano (Auteur)
Éditeur
NL : Swets & Zeitlinger
Volume
25
Numéro
5-6
Pages
270 - 298 p.
ISSN
13803611
Mots clés
randomised controlled trial, education, social inequalities, literacy, childhood
Résumé
EN
Over the past 2 decades, a growing number of randomised controlled trials have assessed the impact on children’s language skills of interventions encouraging parents to read books to their offspring. We present the results of a meta-analysis of the impact of 30 such interventions. Results indicate that they are often ineffective, and that only one specific methodology (dialogic reading) displays systematically positive impacts. Moreover, effective interventions display weaker impacts on low-socioeconomic groups, thus raising equity issues. Our systematic analysis of the research designs of these studies points at three major weaknesses. First, only short-term outcomes are measured, and, even within such a narrow time window, we find indications that treatment impacts fade out. A second limitation concerns the limited range of outcomes measured (receptive or expressive vocabulary). Finally, these studies display low external validity (ad hoc sampling, small sample sizes, lack of multi-site experiments, scant evidence outside Anglo-Saxon countries).

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