Codes of Contention: Building Regulations in Colonial Bombay, 1870-1912
Journal of Historical Sociology
164 - 188 p.
Sociologie politique, Inde, Mumbai, Urbanisation
This paper investigates the contentious institutionalization of building codes in colonial Bombay. Based on original archival research, the paper demonstrates that building codes were inflected with a discourse of moral regulation that masked the material interests of the state. Resistance to these regulations came from many quarters; conflicts within the state, public opinion expressed in the press, and political strategizing of residents and landowners in the public sphere. The paper argues for greater attention to the historically variable interconnections between power and resistance in specific empirical contexts.