Rio de Janeiro y São Paulo: ¿ciudades duales? Comparación con Paris
Ciudad y territorio, estudios territoriales
ES : Ministerio de Fomento
Rio and São Paulo are usually described as highly segregated metropolitan areas marked by great inequalities. In contrast, research on segregation in Paris has shown a complex social and spatial structure that is quite distinct from the dualist vision, be this in social terms or in spatial ones. The authors pose the question as to whether the Brazilian metropolises are truly more segregated and more socially and spatially dual cities, or whether this is be merely a consequence of the categories and methods adopted by most of the existing literature on the issue. They thus propose using a comparison with Paris to explore the question. The study thus addresses two of the main dimensions of segregation namely its socio-economic and ethno-racial aspects. In Europe although there is growing concern about the ethno-racial question and some authors argue that the latter has now assumed a much greater importance. In Brazil, the socio-economic dimension has also been seen as crucial yet ethno-racial segregation in the two metropolises have not been properly formulated as such so far, despite the large (and growing) body of literature making it patent that the myth of «racial democracy» is nothing but that and that racial inequality is one of the crucial factors to inequality of opportunity in the country. The paper main focus of analysis is thus the comparative nature and scope of socio-economic segregation. The ethno-racial dimension is brought into play when considering Brazil as data is more readily available while a comparison with Paris on this issue virtually impossible as yet.