Agency European Union Call ID H2020-SC6-REV-INEQUAL-2016
Begin Date 2017-02 End Date 2020-04
The proposed project aims to study the relations between inequalities and young people's ways of doing politics as well as to advance scenarios for future democratic models and political systems in Europe that are more inclusive for young people. It has three main objectives: (1) To provide systematic evidence on the ways in which inequalities are lived by young people and (re)acted upon, exploring the coping mechanisms which are embedded in young people's ways of doing politics; these coping mechanisms are manifested in multiple forms, i.e. as either political (dis)engagement and contestation online and offline or as (trans-)national democratic innovation and experimentation; (2) To advance knowledge on the conditions and causes underpinning young people's ways of doing politics; this involves an examination of their norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors regarding democracy, power, politics, policy-making, social and political participation (online and offline) and the organization of economic, social and private life in order to identify ways to strengthen youth political participation and engagement with democratic life in Europe; (3) To suggest a number of different future scenarios for the development of democracy and political participation in Europe, putting particular emphasis on implementing new democratic models that are more inclusive for young people especially those with fewer opportunities. The research design consists of a multidimensional theoretical framework that combines macro-level (institutional), meso-level (organizational), and micro-level (individual) explanatory factors, a cross-national comparative design that includes nine European countries with different institutional arrangements and policies towards youth, and an integrated methodological approach based on multiple sources and methods (policy analysis, claims-making analysis, organizational survey, panel survey, survey experiments, biographical interviews, and social media analysis).
LOBFRAM aims to advance our understanding of lobbying and framing in foreign policy in the European Union’s (EU) system of multi-level governance. While lobbying in the EU has received a lot of attention in recent years, lobbying in foreign policy remains a largely under-researched topic. Therefore, this project will explore the activities of non-state actors (NSAs), such as business groups, NGOs and solidarity movements, in EU foreign policy, investigating the networks that are established at different levels (EU and member states) and framing processes. The main contribution of LOBFRAM will be to investigate networks as transmitters of ideas. In turn, this will help us to analyse how frames are created, get codified and become collective frames influencing foreign policy at both the EU and member state levels, as well as what mechanisms of mutual interaction exist between EU and national foreign policy positions. LOBFRAM will be based on an interdisciplinary approach building on international relations, EU studies, sociology and organizational studies and will rely on a mixed-methods approach. It will focus on the case study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is one of the most important policy issues on the EU and member states’ agenda, also in light of the strong commercial links with Israel, the crucial role as donors for the Palestinians and historical legacies. The project will zoom-in on three big member states, namely the United Kingdom, Germany and France, and identify similarities and differences among these member states as well as between them and the EU level when it comes to lobbying and framing activities. The findings of this project will be published in a monograph and two journal articles and widely publicized to a non-specialised audience via outreach activities (e.g. a dedicated website, one policy brief and activities for students).