Organisme de financement European Union Call ID H2020-SC6-REV-INEQUAL-2016
Date de début 2017-02 Date de fin 2020-04
The proposed project aims to study the relations between inequalities and young people's ways of doing politics as well as to advance scenarios for future democratic models and political systems in Europe that are more inclusive for young people. It has three main objectives: (1) To provide systematic evidence on the ways in which inequalities are lived by young people and (re)acted upon, exploring the coping mechanisms which are embedded in young people's ways of doing politics; these coping mechanisms are manifested in multiple forms, i.e. as either political (dis)engagement and contestation online and offline or as (trans-)national democratic innovation and experimentation; (2) To advance knowledge on the conditions and causes underpinning young people's ways of doing politics; this involves an examination of their norms, values, attitudes, and behaviors regarding democracy, power, politics, policy-making, social and political participation (online and offline) and the organization of economic, social and private life in order to identify ways to strengthen youth political participation and engagement with democratic life in Europe; (3) To suggest a number of different future scenarios for the development of democracy and political participation in Europe, putting particular emphasis on implementing new democratic models that are more inclusive for young people especially those with fewer opportunities. The research design consists of a multidimensional theoretical framework that combines macro-level (institutional), meso-level (organizational), and micro-level (individual) explanatory factors, a cross-national comparative design that includes nine European countries with different institutional arrangements and policies towards youth, and an integrated methodological approach based on multiple sources and methods (policy analysis, claims-making analysis, organizational survey, panel survey, survey experiments, biographical interviews, and social media analysis).
Organisme de financement European Union Call ID H2020-MSCA-IF-2014
Date de début 2015-09-01 Date de fin 2017-08-31
LOBFRAM aims to advance our understanding of lobbying and framing in foreign policy in the European Union’s (EU) system of multi-level governance. While lobbying in the EU has received a lot of attention in recent years, lobbying in foreign policy remains a largely under-researched topic. Therefore, this project will explore the activities of non-state actors (NSAs), such as business groups, NGOs and solidarity movements, in EU foreign policy, investigating the networks that are established at different levels (EU and member states) and framing processes. The main contribution of LOBFRAM will be to investigate networks as transmitters of ideas. In turn, this will help us to analyse how frames are created, get codified and become collective frames influencing foreign policy at both the EU and member state levels, as well as what mechanisms of mutual interaction exist between EU and national foreign policy positions. LOBFRAM will be based on an interdisciplinary approach building on international relations, EU studies, sociology and organizational studies and will rely on a mixed-methods approach. It will focus on the case study of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which is one of the most important policy issues on the EU and member states’ agenda, also in light of the strong commercial links with Israel, the crucial role as donors for the Palestinians and historical legacies. The project will zoom-in on three big member states, namely the United Kingdom, Germany and France, and identify similarities and differences among these member states as well as between them and the EU level when it comes to lobbying and framing activities. The findings of this project will be published in a monograph and two journal articles and widely publicized to a non-specialised audience via outreach activities (e.g. a dedicated website, one policy brief and activities for students).
Organisme de financement European Union Call ID European Union
Date de début 2017-09-01 Date de fin 2021-08-31
The primary aim of MORE is to develop and implement procedures for the comprehensive co-design of urban main road corridor infrastructure feeding the European TEN-T network, to accommodate their current and future multi-modal and multifunctional requirements; and to address severe problems of congestion, sustainability, noise, air pollution, safety, security, etc., in situations where building new roads is not an option. And in such cases to enable city authorities to make the best use of available road-space, by optimally allocating the available capacity dynamically, in space and time; taking advantage of advances in big data and digital eco-systems, and in new vehicle technologies and operating systems, in materials and construction technologies, and in dynamic traffic signing and lane marking capabilities. This aim is achieved by comprehensively assessing the needs of all road user groups - and of those who live, work and visit the area – drawing on existing knowledge and extensive stakeholder engagement, to establish design criteria. Key performance indicators will be developed to define and measure the degree to which a road is operating satisfactorily, and to set out design requirements when performance is sub-standard. Four web or computer-based tools will be developed to assist in the road-space reallocation design process, covering: option generation, stakeholder engagement, micro-simulation of road user behaviour, and a comprehensive, multi-modal appraisal tool. The project will test these tools and procedures through the detailed development of street design packages at test sites (feeder route corridors) in five partner cities on different TEN-T networks, and on- and off-road trials will be carried out to test some of the components. Based on these various outputs, MORE will develop new guidelines for optimal urban road-space allocation and disseminate and exploit them and the design tools, widely throughout Europe.