Type de Document
  • Rapport (4)
  • Contribution à un site web (3)
  • Partie ou chapitre de livre (1)
Centre de Recherche
  • Centre d'études européennes et de politique comparée (8)
Discipline
  • Science politique (8)
Langue
  • Anglais (8)
Projet
  • MORE (8)
in The Political Formulation of Policy Solutions: Arguments, Arenas, and Coalitions. Sous la direction de ZITTOUN Philippe, FISCHER Frank, ZAHARIADIS Nikolaos Publié en 2021-07
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This chapter analyzes the emergence, the construction and the trajectory of road space reallocation as a policy solution to urban mobility challenges in different political contexts. Focusing on the notion of policy solution ownership (Gusfield, 1981) and drawing on extensive empirical work on sustainable urban mobility transitions in European cities, it contributes to the book’s main argument in three ways. First it examines how and by whom policy solution ownership is built and how it contributes to redefining the boundaries of a given problem in a highly competitive policy environment. Second, and following the work by Callon (1986) on problematization and interessement to account for improbable alliances in a highly fragmented policy context, it contributes to the understanding of how policy solution ownership opens new opportunities for urban elites to challenge existing urban governance arrangements and promote their own political agenda. Three, it discusses the role of framing in shaping the subsequent trajectory of this policy solution (Rochefort, Cobb, 1994) across different urban governance contexts. It argues that policy solution ownership was established through the continued efforts made by a coalition of policy entrepreneurs to transform a policy solution fitted for all seasons into an easily transferable set of standardized tools and techniques while at the same time shifting the attention away from car use reduction towards ensuring fair and equal access to the urban road network.

in MORE Publié en 2020-11-05
SARTI Francesco
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First lines: In the context of the COVID 19 crisis, the city-as-place approach gained new momentum as part of efforts to ensure safe distancing, accommodate demands for public space and reimagine the post-pandemic city.

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1st lines : In addition to fulfilling a functional role in cities, streets, roads and public spaces have a social, cultural and political significance as well. Yet the focus on motorised traffic when designing and managing road space has led to neglecting the critical role of the road network in urban life. As of today, this one-dimensional approach to designing and managing the urban road network is increasingly challenged by the rapid development of alternatives to motorized traffic and road uses from traffic-enabling infrastructures towards multifunctional urban assets in which recreational and place-making activities should be developed.

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1st lines: Cities across Europe have embraced new forms of mobility in their efforts to meet 2030 climate goals. New mobility solutions are being developed, with an increased concern for health, environmental and economic issues. The rapid surge that was observed in terms of shared and micro mobility solutions, e-commerce practices and new smart city technologies to orderly regulate parking and access in the urban areas also highlighted the need to frame if not constrain these developments and ensure their integration into existing mobility systems.

Publié en 2020-04-02
MCARTHUR Jenny
SARTI Francesco
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This report is the third WP2 deliverable. Drawing on the work done on the organizational, institutional, regulatory and political dimensions of road space allocation, it focuses on the contestation of street space. By purposefully using the notion of contestation, it sets out to identify various views on how space should be allocated across different transport modes and non-transport activities, as well as the various ways through which they are made material. Who has an interest in contesting road space arrangements or proposed changes? What are these claims about? How are they mobilized? To what extent are these claims channelled by formal consultation and decision-making processes? What similarities can be found across cities? How are these views represented at EU level? Drawing on an original qualitative dataset, the report includes an up-to-date analysis of how the contestation of street space enfolds across five cities - London, Constanta, Malmö, Lisbon and Budapest - and at EU level. Content: An up-to-date analysis of how the contestation of street space enfolds across five cities - London, Constanta, Malmö, Lisbon and Budapest - and at EU level ; Appendices : the detailed, supporting analysis for each of the five cases (“city portraits”), two sets of recommendations produced by ECF (European Cyclists Foundation) of how existing EU and Member states legislation should be revised in order to accommodate cycling.

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The development of new, alternative, diverse road uses challenges existing forms of allocating space on urban road networks. Different actors and stakeholders hold differing views on how space should be allocated across different transport modes and non-transport activities. These differing views are made material through the claims that are made by a wide range of stakeholders about the allocation and use of road space. What are these claims about? How are they mobilized? To what extent are these claims channelled by formal consultation processes? What similarities can be found across cities? How are these views represented at EU level? While some actors may promote the shift from roads as traffic-enabling infrastructure to a multifunctional urban asset, others resist this transformation. By purposefully using the notion of contestation, this report assumes that claims about the future of roads’ functions and uses contribute to reshaping the politics of space allocation as well as the ability of existing institutional arrangements and policy processes to accommodate such claims. It contributes to the work done in the MORE project by providing an analysis of the politics of road space allocation.

Publié en 2019-06
MCARTHUR Jenny
THIJS Juliette
DUMITRESCU Doina
ZAGAN Lucian
CRISTEA Lucia
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This report constitutes the first WP2 deliverable. It examines how road space allocation is addressed across different urban contexts an urban governance and a public policy perspective. It contributes to the understanding of transition management in the transport policy domain, from a car-oriented transport policy perspective towards the development of new policy approaches, such as one favouring sustainable mobility and over the recent period, place-making. The report includes an up-to-date analysis of major institutional, organizational and political factors shaping the design and implementation of urban road space allocation strategies across the five cities: London, Constanta, Malmö, Lisbon and Budapest.

This report provides an overview of existing institutional, organizational and political responsibilities in allocating road space across five cities in Europe. It accounts for the main barriers and opportunities faced by local authorities in addressing new demands. It lays the groundwork for a more systematic analysis of the politics of road space allocation. A brief description of the MORE project is introduced in the following paragraphs, followed by a presentation of this report’s main objectives.